Teachers who adopt differentiated instruction often give children choices. They are flexible in the way they deliver content and exhibit creativity within the classroom. Availability of choice is only possible through an understanding of the knowledge that is needed to complete tasks. The educator must combine this knowledge with the children’s ability to develop and process skills and concepts. Catering to the needs of students with divergent abilities is at the heart of this teaching strategy. Historical summary of literature Differentiated instruction is nothing new in teaching circles. It has been in practice from as far back as the 1970s. However, at the time, educators that implemented the model had not identified a universal name for it. They were simply catering to the needs of their students. Therefore, literature on the subject during this decade mostly focuses on the learning theories that support different instruction. Some educational theorists wrote a lot about the need for differentiated instruction. One such individual was Lev Vygotsky, who established the zone of proximal development theory (Logan, 2012). It was his work that formed some of the theoretical foundations of this teaching practice today. Vygotsky, in 1978, states that every learner has a zone of proximal development. At this level, the child will experience learning in a manner that is challenging but not too difficult for the child. An educator who meets the child at their zone of proximal development will promote teaching in the most effective way. They will provide instruction in a context that matches the readiness level of the child. Writers in the subsequent decade also examined the plausibility of differentiated instruction. Some looked at its effects while others counterbalanced this with a number of arguments. In 1987, Slavin highlighted the dangers of grouping students according to their ability. He studied analyses done in various schools and found that regrouping of math students led to poorer achievement in schools that maintained the practice. The debate over differentiated teaching was just picking up momentum in the 1980s. During the 1990s, most literature on the subject revolved around proving that differentiated instruction can work. Sternberg and Grigorenko carried out a study to assess the impact of differentiated instruction in 1999. The investigators used students’ grade performance to determine whether this teaching model was effective. In order to sufficiently assess whether differentiated instruction had taken place, they looked at whether teachers attempted to match thinking styles with content. The two authors explained that a student could belong to one of three thinking styles. They could be practical thinkers who thrive in active-forms of delivery. Alternatively, creative thinkers require a different approach because they tend to look for hidden meanings. Thirdly, a student could be an analytical thinker who can find solutions in a seemingly complex set of variables. Matching instruction to these individuals’ thinking styles is what made the difference in their learning outcomes (Watts-Taffe et. a.l., 2012). One of the most influential theorists in this field is Carol Tomlinson. Differentiated instructions were spreading throughout various schools in the 90s. It was
Differentiated Instruction Teaching Learners with Varying Abilities Name: Course: Professor: Institution: City and State: Date: Differentiated Instruction teaching learners with varying abilities Topic Issue The topic under discussion is “Differentiated Instruction: teaching learners with varying abilities." Four key principles make differentiated instruction recognizable…
The study discusses the process and its importance to gaining and obtaining of new knowledge in the contemporary society compared with other learning methods applicable in knowledge acquisition. Differentiated instruction is the best method of acquiring and providing new knowledge to all students and pupils despite of intellectual ability of the pupil or student.
According to the research findings improvements, challenges, and controversial issues facing this area of education would be analyzed, prior to presenting a concluding portion which would summarize and highlight the rationale for choosing this field of interest, how it coincides with one’s philosophy of education, and one’s future professional goals.
Teachers are under more pressure than ever to create within their curriculum the ability to teach differentially. This ability for an educator to improve the learning of children is based on their abilities as a teacher. According to the U. S. Department of Education’s 26th Annual Report to Congress on IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 2004) in 2005, around 96% of all teachers have students in their classrooms that have some form of learning disability.
The purpose of this study is to define the approaches to differentiation as well as whether this will benefit students that are learning with specific approaches. The research will provide information from Gardner, Vygotsky and Montessori as some of the researchers working with differentiated instruction. The research conducted to support this paper will help teachers with new skills and knowledge to best support their students in the classroom.
In 2011 the school district undertook a deliberate measure which was to incorporate the various stakeholders in education towards the improvement of education standards in the district (Benjamin, 2006). This was in line with the mission of the school district which is the determination to ensure cooperation in the achievement of excellence in education.
It is a technique that aims to be considerate of each student’s needs. The suggestions stem from research and innovative teaching experience. Indeed, learning is best maximized when respective learning styles are taken into consideration. The site mentions brain-based research, learning styles and multiple intelligences as significant methods.
It is imperative that leaders comprehend the crucial nature of differentiation (Bista & Glasman, 1998). This is lest they fall victim to misunderstanding, which stem from the lack of an intuitive nature to curb issues that always arise. By tailoring the different functions to meet the desires present, one gets to understand an individual’s nature.
The aim is to define differentiated instruction, while looking at the Key principles that are responsible for the professional development and understanding and implementation of differentiated instruction in a higher education institution. The objectives, strategies, assessments and implementation methods of this development plan are culminated to improving the grades of students in school especially those that are not English speaking.
n.d; Smith, 2002, 2008). According to Gardener, intelligence can be defined as “a biopsychological potential to process information that can be activated in a cultural setting to solve problems or create