It refers to an attitude, believe and value system. So in this case, once this system has been adopted by a school, then it should drive all the decisions and actions by those people who have adopted it. It is a belief that schools embrace and educate all students and not just selecting those students who can be fit in that school. It is believed that all children are unique in their different ways and they have different talents. It is through inclusive learning that children are in a position to get good education and also attain the best practices in school. This can be well illustrated by cooperative learning. In this case, you find that students are in a position to learn with each other, and offer the necessary assistance to each other where possible. It is through this cooperation that students can be in a position to do well in most of their activities. Inclusive learning also reflects multi intelligence, multi level instructions, good learning and also teaching styles where children are exposed to competent teachers who express their teaching skills fully and they are also exposed to differentiated curriculum. (Armstrong, Barton and Armstrong, 2000)
With inclusive schooling, it emphasizes on various issues. First it ensures that students get equal educational opportunities. It is through this that students will be in a position to have access to the various educational programs hence leading to their success in school....
It is through inclusive schooling that the necessary resources will be provided and these resources are usually provided to ensure that students are in a position to learn well. Third there is respecting differences whereby students in this case will be in a position to respect differences which might arise. (Bender, 2002)
Inclusive schooling is said to teach mutual respect where students are in a position to respect each other, responsibility in the sense that these children will be in a position to demonstrate responsibility by obeying commands and taking charge of their responsibilities, they will also learn to be generous to others and last they will learn to be independent. (Dei, Zine, and James-Wilson, 2002)
Therefore the rationale behind inclusive schooling can be summarized as intending to ensure that all children regardless of the differences the may exist between them are put under the same class environment in order to take advantage of their diversity and help them to learn well. In this regard it is also expected to lower the cost of education to the parent and to the government since students will be able to use the same resources and amenities rather than providing each student with their own resources. It is an approach that is expected to make the education process smooth for the teachers, parents and the students. It aims at eliminating any discrimination and achieving equality for all in education.
Values, policies and strategies of inclusive education
One of the most important emphasis of the inclusive education is the way in which it advocates for changes and modification in the content, the approach structures, policies and strategic of the education system. The model is enabled by a value system which ensures that there is child