This essay presents nuts and bolts in language learning which are the vital links between learning techniques, study materials and pedagogical sessions where the learner finds learning stimulating and meaningful. Nuts and bolts may be the most insignificant components in a heavy, complex machine…
From this discussion it is clear that the important part of teaching is students’ receptivity. Are all the students attentive to what is being taught? It is not possible to keep all the students engaged all the time. Nonetheless, if the content of the delivery or discussion generates curiosity, it is bound to keep the students riveted to the oration.As the study highlights any experienced teacher of the English as a Second Language (ESL) will understand the importance of techniques, models or materials s/he has acquired in her/his arsenal by training, peer discussions, or personal observation. These are prized possessions and the reward for helping students successfully overcome the hazards in language learning. Teaching of second language is altogether a different genre. One can teach the first language, science, mathematics, and social sciences since these basically involve concepts, illustrations and practical exercises, the common denominator being that the teacher and student share a common legacy of a known language. However, teaching second language requires different mettle where the teacher carries heavy responsibility in addressing not only a language but tradition and culture. For instance, an innocent word in one language may mean something grand or awful in the second language. Textbooks, workbooks, and other study material are needed in ESL. Along with these, a dash of creativity goes a long way to make the students feel comfortable and capable of learning the language. Use of popular songs like Jack and Jill went up the hill, Twinkle twinkle little star, There is a hold in the bucket, dear Lisa, etc. is one effective way for ESL students to pick English words rapidly through rote actions. Ideally, to begin use a few four line rhymes to break the ice and set the ball rolling.
Art and craft is another effective method of creatively teaching ESL. Interact with the students to select some 10-15 English proverbs and have each student write one of these artistically on thick paper sheets of different colors which could be pinned on notice boards or other prominent places as eye-catching posters. This technique could be gradually upgraded to picture reading where students are given pictures of gardens, small bridges serving as walk over between streamlets, etc. and encouraged to describe the scenery in say, 100 words.
Teachers and study materials must ...
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I had to improve my English while continuing with my other studies. I found this difficult at first because I did not have the necessary level of English to understand or interact in my other studies, later, however, I found that being immersed in English that was relevant and necessary for me helped my language learning processes.
Language learning in children must not be seen just as a natural process though natural acquisition of language is inevitable in every healthy child. As a matter of fact, “some researchers theorize that children are born with an innate biological “device” for understanding the principles and organization common to all languages” (Mahoney, 2008).
Second language is known as a language which is learnt apart from the mother or first language. For example, French is a second language for Americans and English is a second language for French people. Learning a second language involves a lot of efforts and endeavors.
It functions automatically. In contrast, the learned system is built via formal instruction, and involves conscious knowledge for the grammar rules. According to Krashen, these two systems operate independently, thus knowledge from one system cannot cross-over to the other.
This shows in national and state surveys indicating that ethnic and racial minority children are the most at-risk group in social institutions, with the most significant academic underachievement, high poverty rates, high teen pregnancy rates, low skill levels, and low-paying employment opportunities.
The scope of this paper is limited to a particular teacher teaching a specific course in a constant environment. Since a lot of factors including the nature, style and background of teacher and students matter, this case shouldn't be seen as a case for all scenarios.
Through recasts a teacher can correct a student who is making a mistaken in their oral utterances of the language (Niegorodcew). This makes recasts a very favorable method of teaching, not only because recasting is quick in its use but it also provides an ample display of the help that the student needs.
The quotation by Slobin indicates language has been a system for those who despite being destitute are able to grasp language just like the way a socially privileged child learns. Though this child learns the language as a resource, to which Chomsky indicates that those who follow him are subjected to learn the central characteristic of language.
According to the paper language and literature have been defined differently and it is important to depict here the definitions in brief in order to understand the relationship of culture and language in the perspective of present need and importance of teaching culture in the second language. Culture is the totality of learned, socially transmitted behavior. It includes the ideas, values, and customs of groups of people.