13). Writing is a highly complex process, and there is much more to a solid piece of writing than the traditional expectations of grammar and mechanics (Culham 12). Many educators are in search of the most meaningful and authentic methods of critiquing students' written work. The 6+ 1 Trait® Writing model is a specific approach to writing instruction and evaluation based upon "a vocabulary teachers use to describe their vision of what good writing looks like" (Culham 7). This model offers an understandable language teachers and students can use for describing quality writing (Perchemlides & Coutant 54-55). The 6+ 1 Trait® Writing Model Frustrated by standardized, multiple-choice assessment instruments, teachers in the northwestern region of the United States searched for a more valid and user-friendly format for teaching and assessing student writing (Culham 10). After careful study of research on writing assessment and close examination of endless forms of writing, teachers and along with researchers from the Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory concluded that several characteristics were necessary to create exemplary writing. From this realization, the 6+ 1 Trait® Writing model scoring criteria were established (Culham 10). The 6+ 1 Traits® represent characteristics deemed crucial for making all types of written communication effective. They include ideas, organization, voice, word choice, sentence fluency, conventions, and presentation (Culham 214). A well-developed, focused idea provides a clear message to readers. The "ideas" trait basically deals with the content of a composition. A paper containing a solid point with good supporting evidence demonstrates exemplary application of ideas. A writer must stay focused on the topic and only utilize the details that matter. This trait is sometimes difficult for young writers who struggle with finding a topic (Culham, 35-38). Organization involves the arrangement of the ideas. It is about the internal structure of writing. Logical sequencing and proper use of transitions are important to this particular trait. The "organization" trait should also work to enhance the main ideas within a piece of writing. Students of all ages may find this particular trait challenging as there is not often one perfect structure that works for all types of writing (Culham 70-72). Feeling and personal style make up the "voice" trait. Often referred to as "the soul of the piece" (Culham 12), voice is that special ingredient which truly makes a writer's piece his or her own creation. It is the tone of the message. While it is not always easy to see and therefore, evaluate, voice is a powerful trait that can deeply engage readers and cause them to respond and think in emotional ways. When voice is effective, there should be strong interaction between the writer and his or her readers (Culham, 16). Word choice involves the precise use of words in writing. Rich and vivid language can add so much to writing. Quality descriptive text often displays a wonderful selection of words, greatly enhancing the topic. A writer who is an expert in the "word choice" trait will take extra care to use just the right words for his or her story (Culham 142-144). The fifth trait in the 6+ 1 Trait® Writing model is "sentence fluency." This is the attribute of writing that creates the music of the piece. Sentences of varying length allow for rhythm and flow, which make the writing pleasant to the ear. Because of that quality, sentence fluency is sometimes referred to as the audible trait (Culham 180-181). The sixth trait is often viewed as tremendously important to first-rate writing, although it is just one of the qualities that lend themselves to great work. Conventions are referred to as the
Writing Assessment: A Six Traits Approach
The National Commission on Writing in America's School and Colleges stated that "writing extends far beyond grammar and punctuation" (p. 13). …
Nowadays, companies, whether manufacturing or non-manufacturing, are seeing the benefits that Six Sigma offers to them. Surprisingly, though, Six Sigma is just a fairly modern invention. This paper explores and examines the definition, methodology, corps of experts, and criticisms attributed to Six Sigma system.
PTSD is not only rooted in personality factors and I make clear this point in the course of discussion. To avoid confusion in terminologies, this review focused on works from year 2000, the year of publication of DSM-IV-TR, the current diagnostic and statistical manual of the American Psychiatric Association for mental disorders.
Many psychologists find that the personality information does not have value to the vocational counseling. It is therefore important for psychologists to understand the connection between vocational interests and personality. Secondly, they should understand and give proper explanations of these connections, why they occur and their meaning.
This paper discusses certain managerial traits and skills that are required to be successful as a manager in the contemporary age. Emotional intelligence has been frequently identified as a predictor of success both in academia and industry. “[H]igh performers are perceived as more intelligent than low performers, and…there is much stronger agreement of the personality traits leading to high performance than there is for low performance” (Antonucci and Goeke, 2009, p.
Responsibilities of a Medical Transcriptionist that require social skills include but are not limited to obtaining data from the concerned staff related to patient history, consultations, and operations. One needs to work as part of a team in order to achieve tasks where the collaboration and cooperation of others is required.
It is seriously vital that the wide variety of content assessments used for ELLs be legitimate and fair. Even though, this task is not easy, it is the answer to enhancing educational chances for language-minority learners. ELLs are learners who are still enhancing proficiency in English (Hakuta, 2009).
It provides a unifying theme for initiatives directed at improving organizational performance. As IT companies move along the six-sigma learning curve, they will encounter the same challenges they confronted with previous initiatives: project proliferation, limited payback, competition with other efforts and inapplicability to larger problems.
Statistically, its purpose is to decrease process variation to enable virtually all the services or products provided satisfy or exceed the client’s expectations.
Motorola formulated the methodological particulars of Six Sigma in 1986, though it can be traced
icipate in various writing contests due to which, their writing skills are polished and they are given a chance to see the capacity of their writing expertise. The website encourages showing the writers’ their creativity and writing expertise. The writers are not required to
king strong measures to conform to the principles of Green IT and generates solutions to problems in this arena of safe disposal and sustainable practices. Retail and consumer product brands recognize the need to resort to environmentally friendly practices, it comes as little
12 pages (3000 words)Research Paper
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