Notably, this has undergone various transformations and has been shaped and molded by varied perceptions that were put forth by the philosophers.
Seemingly, the most important contribution to this notion was made by the two great thinkers; Sigmund Freud and Michael Foucault. Although their approaches differed considerably, their critical approach to the notion of self was not only insightful but also very informative. It is against this background that this paper explains why the two great thinkers did not trust the notion of the self. To enhance a harmonic consideration, it begins by explaining the notion of self and the developments that it has undergone since its suggestion.
Essentially, the notion of self concept is all encompassing and comprises of dynamic and organized attitudes, beliefs and opinions that an individual perceives to be true about his or her self. These from a philosophical view point are also imperative in defining one’s personal existence as well as history. In essence, it seeks to explain how or what an individual considers himself to be. It is an objective standpoint that goes a long way in defining who a person is in light of his past as well as present experiences. It differs considerably from the concepts of self esteem and self report. While the former underscores feelings related to enhancement of personal worth and attainment of self fulfillment, the latter constitutes the amount of information that an individual may be willing to disclose about the self. Foucault at this point refers to the concept of self as ‘life being aware of it self” (Foucault, 1979, p. 54).
Historical evidence ascertains that the concept of self was put forth by Rene Descartes in 1644 (Ryan, Short & Weed, 1986, p. 527). In this text, he argued that the aspect of doubt was an important principle of self inquiry. For an individual to attain an objection perception of one ...
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In enlightening his audiences on the shift in paradigms involving the punishment of the body to the punishment of the soul, Foucault makes use of various disciplines to justify his discourse. The primary aim of Foucault’s is to help us understand these disciplines and how they relate to our understanding of current power relations within the society today.
Why did Sigmund Freud and Michel Foucault not trust the notion of the self? Philosophy as a sphere of knowledge has undergone various transformations over time. This is attributable to the facts and information that is added to this body of knowledge by a host of emergent philosophical thinkers.
Foucault's work on subjectivity, governmentality and space has been highly influential in shaping an understanding of the relationship between issues of space and identity. Foucault developed the theory of disciplinary power in which he describes the unique relationship between the process of madness and the process of being imprisoned.
Foucault's wide range of influence ranging from history, to psychology, philosophy to politics and freedom is synthesis of his upbringing, education and very intense thinking. His analysis of the mind in relation to power has been a subject of immense appeal to modern thinkers.
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