The author identifies a need for better autism screening, describes the psychologists, educators and parents participation in Autism screening and observes a proposed screening instrument: a modified version of Ingram’s “Playground Observation Checklist”…
Extract of sample Assessment Instrument for Assessing Autism
This suggests that a system for eliciting parental views should be built into any assessment tool for autism, and that extra language support for non-native speakers of Spanish or English should be provided to ensure that this group is not left behind. There is a wealth of knowledge that parents can contribute if a method can be found to elicit their views and record them in a consistent and comparable way.
Parallel to the input of parents, there is the standard procedure of child development screening carried out at specified stages during health and educational interactions. The BRIGANCE Standard Diagnostic Comprehensive Inventory of Basic Skills (Glasgoe, 1999) was first devised in the 1970s and has been refined and extended since then to cover a wider age range and a more clearly defined set of criteria. In its present form, it is widely accepted as a good standard instrument which allows both effective local assessment and wider collation of results across the United States which can be used to build a picture of changes in the patterns of child development as they emerge. This test certainly does pick up significant numbers of cases for further investigation but it is not specifically designed to screen for autism. Parents and broad-based standard testing are therefore a crucial first line and very basic level of screening which are effective for the majority of children.
A screening instrument in the UK for very young children around 18 months of age called the “Checklist for Autism in Toddlers” or simply “CHAT” has a series of yes/no questions. The questions in section one are general, such as “does your child enjoy being swung, bounced on your knee” and these are answered by the parent. ...
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Assessment of a Child with Autism
Mental health issues are one of the most debilitating conditions which any person can go through. Physically, its symptoms may not be clearly apparent to the patient and to other people. However, mentally and emotionally, its impact can be extensive and debilitating to the patient.
According to the paper autism is more than three times more likely to occur among boys than in girls. The exact cause of autism is unknown to the medical community, but there are variety of factors that combined could be causing the disease. Children born with autism require a lot of care and attention.
The article by Ingram et al. (2007) describes an empirical study of 30 elementary school children using a method called “The Playground Observation Checklist.” It starts out by pointing out that severe social impairment is the most prominent feature of autism, as defined using the DSM criteria.
A recent study by Glasgoe (1997) of the development status of 408 children between 21 and 84 months of age explored whether parents’ views about their children’s development would be as accurate as standard screening programmes in identifying a need for referral and found that this measure was “reasonably accurate” across the range of screening criteria, although there was some under-reporting in cases where parents did not speak either English or Spanish well.
One of these designed tools is the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). It is the most frequently used of all the personality test tools. It has proved to be rreliable as researches have suggested; a sentiment echoed by the trained professionals who use it in identification of psychopathology and personality structure.
Alvarez to have made a profit. Perhaps instead wording the item to read: How much difference was there between the sales receipts of last week and this week Using the word difference indicates that there was a change from one week to the next, but does not supply a direction (e.g., "more" or "less").
These assessment instruments are basically used by business HR departments as well as school counsellors to assess the individual capabilities of each person making up the said institutions1. Certainly, the reason behind the establishment of such personality measuring
John Doe was referred to counselling by a teacher who feels that John needs some guidance in choosing an appropriate career path. The teacher confided that John may be setting unrealistic goals in that he is determined to pursue a career that he in all likelihood may not be amenable to both academically and personally.