He described curriculum in a range of approaches. One of them is linked to syllabus or a body of knowledge to be transmitted to the students. Smith also stressed that curriculum is a set of objectives, where there is a drawn-up plan to apply intended objectives with a measurable outcome. Another alternative definition is that curriculum is a student’s total experience. It comprises teachers’ and students’ communication and relationships between them. Smith also recommends that curriculum is one’s ability to apply theory to practice.
Language Arts is one essential subject area that hones communication skills of students. Being knowledgeable in literature, grammar and writing is one important goal for them that will greatly benefit them in their growth and development. This paper will compare 7th Grade Language Arts curriculum guides of three schools in New Jersey, namely the Hillside, Union and Orange Public Schools. The comparison will only be based on the guides acquired from these schools and not from how their curriculums are implemented.
Of the three schools, Hillside Public School provided the most comprehensive curriculum guide. Next was the Orange School which also provided a clear outline indicating the goals of the Language Arts program and how its assessment strategies. Union School provided the least comprehensive guide, with just the use of cue words in enumerating its curriculum content and suggested activities.
One of the widely adopted curriculum design is the ‘Understanding by Design’ Planning Framework (UbD) by Wiggins, Grant and McTighe (1998). This is also known as the Backward Design Model wherein the teacher starts with the end, the desired results, and then derives the curriculum from the evidence of learning called for by the expectations and the teaching needed to equip students to perform. The UbD involves the following processes:
The Hillside School obviously adopted the Understanding by Design ...
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In their article titled, In the Future, Diverse Approaches to Schooling, Paul Hill and Michael Johnston identify the changes that public schools are more likely to implement in the next decade. Before giving a list of the changes in public schooling, the authors first identify the reasons why such changes will be in effect.
‘Curriculum’ is the set of elements intended for achieving a particular stated or implied objective and ‘Evaluation’ is collecting data to reach any decision. There are several programs for ‘Curriculum Evaluation’, out of which one is the CIPP model, portrayed by Daniel L Stufflebeam.
Educators design curriculum to help them set learning paths for their students. Originally, education was meant for man to be better (Johnson, 2007). Being a better man was described as being educated with the intention to use his knowledge as power in his adult life.
As a description of curriculum, it is difficult to find a better one than this of Marsh.
In recent years, with interest increasing in what is taught at different stages of education, curriculum has gained a place of importance in the education-connected regions.
The aim of education has undergone changes from developing the reasoning power of the individual to introducing social reform in the country. Hence curriculum theory has developed from the classics based curriculum of the nineteenth century to the present day emphasis on multiculturalism in the curriculum.
?Asking questions, asking the right questions, asking the right questions of the right people; secrets to the success of curriculum evaluation (Oliva, 2003). Evaluation is a continuous process through which data is gathered and analyzed with the purpose of improving a system.
Bobbitt’s (1918) The Curriculum has usually presented a particular conception of the curriculum. Many of these conceptions have contained similar elements, if not phraseology, and some efforts at their classification have been
For instance, when one considers what topics that a student will necessarily be greeted with during the course of their studies, the first matter of discourse instantly shifts to what type of information the student will be presented with. Secondary to the actual