art of the discussion, special emphasis is placed on the epistemological and axiological foundations, as well as overreaching sense of ontology of the philosophers. This way, it is possible to view the schools of thoughts from a holistic manner as they shape the entirety of the world around them rather than the personal opinions of the philosophers alone.
From the perspective of Rene Descartes, idealism is a metaphysical and epistemological reasoning that argues that ideas and thoughts make up the fundamental composition of reality (Earnshaw, 2006). By implication, emphasis is taken away from the physical world and the physical things we see around us into a realm of what the mind is able to ensemble for itself. From his perspective, Descartes saw what we know as a manifestation of our own consciousness rather than the makeup of the physical world around this (Warnock, 2007). This is because from an epistemological stand point, Descartes saw the physical world as a revelation of what the mental consciousness had produced. In that situation, Descartes would rather assign the reality of life and the things around us to ideas and thoughts rather than the product of the physical. The impact that this position held by Descartes on contemporary education and contemporary thought is that it has shaped and brought about a way of learning where there is much emphasis on the power of mind to reason and conceptualize ideas rather than put emphasis of praise on the end result of learning. In effect, in between concepts such as metaphysical science and technology, the real make up of the world would be assigned metaphysical science rather than technology. It is in light of this that Descartes claimed that “I think, therefore I am” is the only assertion to viewing life that cannot be disputed (Barrett, 2010).
The philosophical thought of realism has always held the opinion that all entities of the world have their own objective reality that is completely ontologically ...Show more