Quantitative research methods aim at not only maximizing objectivity, but also the replicability and generalizability of findings and quantitative research methods are typically interested in predictions. Amongst the key features that are associated with many quantitative researches include the use of instruments like tests or surveys in the collection of data and most importantly the reliance on probability theory on the test statistical hypothesis corresponding to research questions of interest (Busch, O’Brien, & Spangler, (2005). The fact that inferences from tests of statistical hypothesis leads to general inferences about characteristics of a population makes quantitative methods be referred to as deductive in nature. It is also worth noting that quantitative methods employ the use of the assumption that there exists a single truth that is independent of any human perception.
The research question for the first article was to determine the influence of leadership style on teacher job satisfaction. In answering the research question, the article looks at the various effects of principal’s leadership style which could either ne transformational or transactional, principal’s decision-making strategy which could either be autocratic or participative and lastly the teacher’s occupation perception on the satisfaction the teacher derives from the job. For purposes of the study, it was hypothesized that teacher’s description of their occupation as one that provides high statues, promotion opportunities for talented individuals, possibilities for self-development and personal growth will have an effect on their satisfaction from the work. The other hypothesis was that teacher’s occupation perception is hypothesized to directly affect job satisfaction but also hypothesized to be affected by principal’s behavior.
The study employed the use of mainly exogenous variables. Past studies on the subject have always used the principal’s ...Show more