Counseling in Schools Name Institution Tutor Date Counseling in Schools Counseling can be defined as the provision of services for pupils with emotional, behavioral and social difficulties, and special educational need. There was a rapid expansion of counseling in schools during the 1960s followed by a subsequent decline (Ajmal and Rees, 2001)…
The British government increased education funds from 60 million pounds in 1951 to 436 million in 1964 and supported child-centered education (Bor, Ebner-Landy, Gill and Brace, 2002). The 1960s were marked with the lifting of individual behavior constraints and the toleration of personal idiosyncrasies. Suicides, drugs, and sexual relationships caused many casualties in early 1960s, many under 25 years. This led to the proposal to provide secondary school students all the help they could get. One way of providing this help was the introduction of school counselors. The Schools Council formed in 1964 represented teachers in policy-making forums and promoting educational development (De Board, 1999). Recent studies have shown its resurgence as a non-stigmatization emotional support among pupils. The enactment of the Children Act in 2004 and the reshaping of children services give a prominent future for counseling (Cooper, 2009). Counseling services in schools are growing rapidly on a local demand-led basis. Sources of counseling include school counselors, contract agencies such as Relate, and educational psychology referral services provided by LEA. Guidance from professional associations is not mandatory due to lack of a statutory base for counseling. The current restructuring of counseling provides new structures that can be challenging. Counselors have to provide therapeutic confidentiality through information protocols, shift towards multi-agency teams, and redefine their professional boundaries. School counselors provide therapeutic individual counseling that is distinct from other form s of support such as mentoring. Counseling is provided through several formats such as external counselors, members of teaching staff, or an external agency (Egan, 2002). Counseling provides pupils with an access to appropriate confidential service that has beneficial personal outcomes such as improved mental health. Students experience mental pressure after bereavement, bullying, family breakup, and peer rejection. Counseling, especially by external counselors, provides an avenue for relieving mental pressure. These students eventually exhibit positive outcomes in education, behavior, and social and organizational activities. This helps them to enhance their social well being in the school. Confidentiality encourages students to open up to counselors and discuss personal matters that they may not discuss with parents or teachers. Solving individual problems helps enhance student self-esteem and improves their emotional well being. Counseling services are funded from the internal school budgets and provide students with a cost effective service for dealing with their personal difficulties. Schools hire individual external counselors, counseling firms, or utilize members of the teaching staff. This eliminates the need of visiting expensive counselors for students in need of counseling services. Schools provide the necessary funds and provide comprehensive support services. The school management has control of the counseling process and provides the overall direction for individual counselors and other pastoral support services. Previous research has shown that young people value having other people to turn to who include school counselors. Although several young people experience mental health problems, only a small percentage is ...
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Unlike many other fields, counseling is a field in which there is a diverse amount of theories regarding the proper way to approach counseling. Each of the main theories behind counseling stems from a different component of how to practice counseling and the theories, although some are similar, all address different portions of the psyche.
Secondly, I would examine the files of those students who have failed to complete school at my school and look for factors that might explain or establish a cohort. The idea is to determine what influences drop-out rates and to specifically look for those factors in the local school’s drop-out cohort.
Some levels of stress require in depth consultation of the distressed person with health psychologists. It is also worth accrediting that certain levels of stress results into deprivation of health of the individual victims. Certain stress and depression may be serious and even result to death of the individual victim.
Today, the world is becoming a multiethnic, multiracial and a multilingual society and issue of stereotyping is inevitable. Therefore, there is a need for counseling to address issues of race, ethnicity and cultural differences that are facing our society.
The significance of counseling in schools has increased considerably as students undergo various types of mental and psychological pressures both at home and in schools. It is the duty of the counselor to see that each student develops his personality in the right way by giving him/her the confidence to "handle both the academic and emotional challenges".
Especially, amongst elementary students group counseling has been found to significantly change disciplinary problems that have in turn impacted on the student's academic achievements (Shechtman, 2002). As such, counseling interventions that focus on social skills training and development of a greater social awareness of the communities they live within contributes to the national No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation (Brigman & Campbell, 2003).
From as early as 1994 the American Psychiatric Association reported that substance abuse was the most prevalent mental order. Just like other professions in the field of mental health, however, it is a profession that requires a certain level of personal commitment
Finally, one’s personal opinion as to the necessity and usefulness of the information would ultimately be discussed.
An article published in the Academic Medicine (Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges) entitled “Need for More Career
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