There are two perspectives in adult cognitive development. These are contextual and dialectical thinking. Dialectical thinking is shown, by reasoning and discussion, to create a meaning of the complexities and contradictions adults has to deal continually with them. It holds that dialectical sense thinking enables acceptance of alternative ways or truths of thinking on similar phenomena, which, in everyday life, abounds. Dialectical thinking involves a process of logical thought through which adults can take what, on the surface, may seem contradictory positions. Contextual approach shows how cultural, social, political and economic forces play a role in shaping adult thinking development (Dunkel & Sefcek, n.d). This approach argues that the contextual factors may constitute what affects cognitive development of an adult. I carried an interview on a respondent who showed various issues. I asked questions such as what is your name? How old are you? Have you a spouse? Do you have a house? Do you have problems paying fees? Do you drink? Do you have children? The respondent was 30 years and was married. He lived in a rented house and claimed that he had not enough income to settle his expenses including rent, electricity bill and payment of school fees. He also confessed that he occasionally did drink. I had to analyze this situation using contextual approach in order to understand my client. My client had issues in learning which were due to the situation he was undergoing. He could not concentrate because his focus shifted from time to time on the problems he was facing. Such a person needs help in learning to concentrate on issues at hand. I advised him to learn to avoid the thoughts about his problems whenever they came as he engaged other activities. While taking a contextual approach one should consider these social, economic, political and cultural factors rather than taking chronological factors as guiding tools for comparison. Contextual approach would argue consideration of contextual factors that have influenced behaviors rather than just evaluating behavior on its surface. Contextual approach plays a critical role in understanding issues and life events in a person’s life. Background, including family of origin, school, friends and place where raised determines the thinking pattern of an individual. For instance, an adult may be truant because of influence from peers. Family situation and a person’s age are also contextual factors that determine an individual’s decisions. For example, a married individual would take different courses from that of unmarried one. When a person reaches some age, he or she would like to act in some way according to what applies most to that stage. Consideration of prior and current learning experiences is a factor worth considering. An individual who has undergone formal learning would not act the same way as one who has not. An individual undergoing formal learning at present such as a college student will make decisions mostly as per his or her status quo. For instance, a woman would choose not to have children until she finishes her degree education. Similarly, a young adult man might not marry until he has employment in order to get some economic stability. Current life issues also play a role in an individual’s thinking. An individual experiencing adverse social issues may resort to certain behaviors in order to get relieve. For instance, a person can resort to drinking in an attempt to do away with disturbing thoughts. Past life issues and how the individual confronted them also matter in this case. Lifespan Ego Development Erikson’
Cognitive development theory Cognitive development refers to changing of thinking patterns over time (Dunkel & Sefcek, n.d). Jean Piaget came up with four stages in cognitive development, which are related to age…
It is therefore, the process that involves perception, thought, and understanding of the world that surrounds an individual. Cognitive development has been studied in various ways historically. The oldest is referred to as the Intelligence Quotient that was used widely by Stanford Binet.
He wrote a short paper at the age of eleven which acted as the very beginning of his career as a researcher. He pursued studies in natural sciences and in 1918, he obtained a Ph.D. in Zoology from the University of Neuchatel (Cherry 1). He would call himself a genetic epistemologist as he was determined to discover the roots of different forms of knowledge.
Modern day psychologists and theorists dispute the claims that have otherwise been widely accepted and in fact used as the basis of the educational structures practiced today. "Was Piaget right or wrong" is the question we will try to answer within the limits of this essay.
Development of an individual's ability to learn and master intellectual skills is the focus of cognitive development theories. Intellectual growth and development are defined by overall biological and psychological advancement as affected and governed by the surrounding environment.Cognitive development theory works on the premises that the child develops socially as defined by cognitive maturation and experience and that a child actively explores not governed by habits or instincts.
Piaget’s theory provided many central concepts in the field of developmental psychology and concerned the growth of intelligence, which for Piaget, meant the ability to more accurately represent the world, and perform logical operations on representations of concepts grounded in the world.
Cognitive perspective emerged as a reaction to behaviorist views that dominated psychology a century ago. While behaviorists treated human being as a sort of processor responding to external stimuli by producing
rs, C., Fossos, N., & Larimer, M., January 2009, A Cross-Lagged Evaluation of Eating Disorder Symptomatology and Substance-Use Problems, Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, volume 70, issue 1, pp. 106-119)
Hayaki, J., 26 January 2009, Negative reinforcement eating
Learning and development are two of the areas psychologists focus on while studying humans. It is with these agendas that Piaget and Vygotsky developed their theories. These theories shed light on some of the mysteries of learning and development. However, the psychologists
2 pages (500 words)Essay
Hire a pro to write a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Apply my DISCOUNT
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Let us find you an essay for FREE
Contact us via Live Chat, call us at +16312120006or send an email to email@example.com