utcomes are aimed at developing an effective program, finding any modifications that should be incorporated in the program and realize any modifications that are not effective.
Professional reflection is an essential part of action planning because the process of implementing new practices requires competent personnel who had specialized in a given field. For instance, one must have enough knowledge in order to come up with an effective research report. In this Chapter, Mertler states that the process of action planning in an organization entails using steps to action chart. This implies that only competent personnel can execute the whole process.
In this chapter text, Mertler discusses the fundamental component of action research as the action planning. The text clearly explains the different forms of action planning that can be used in a number of set ups during research. They are provided as the informal and the formal plans. Although the author provides the typical outcomes that are likely to arise from the action research depending on the type of plan that is applied, he does not provide in-depth information on how to apply each in different circumstances. The piece is however insightful in the way that it guides the reader on how to plan and perform action research in varied ways. It provides the various steps that can be taken in the development of an action plan during research. This comprises the period from the initial planning to the final implementation stage.
In a clear way, the author provides instructions on how action planning can be organized as well as the different levels on which action planning can occur. Thus, it is possible to apply each form of plan based on whether the research is being conducted by an individual, a team, at the school or the district level. In this case, action planning can occur at various levels of the organization that include the individual, team, school and the district level. The developing stage is made up of the