Study on Hong Kong Teenager Awareness As Well As Attitudes on Energy-Saving Household Appliances, Commercial Building and Government Policies: Based On A Questionnaire Survey In Hong Kong BY LAW NANG WUI A CW submitted for the degree of Bachelor of Engineer (with honours) in Building Services and Sustainable Engineering Jan 2014 University of Central Lancashire STUDENT DECLARATION I confirm that the particulars given in this form are correct…
........................................................... Topic Registration Approved by CL YES/NO Supervisor approved/allocated YES/NO ............................................................ Student notified: Date: Contents Contents 2 1.INTRODUCTION 3 1.1 DESCRIPTION 5 1.2 ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE 5 1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 5 1.4 AIMS OF THE PROJECT: 5 1.5 JUSTIFICATION 6 2.LITERATURE REVIEW 6 3. METHODOLOGY AND RESEARCH DESIGN 9 3.1 QUESTIONNAIRE DESIGN 9 3.2 SAMPLE AND DATA COLLECTION 10 3.3 DATA ANALYSIS 11 4.WORK PLAN 11 5.REFERENCES 12 Ajzen, I., (2011), The theory of planned behaviour: reactions and reflections. Psychol Health 26: 1113-1127 12 1. INTRODUCTION Energy saving is a trend and no citizen is against it. Since people save energy and use energy in the right way, the next generation will benefit. Consequently, teenagers are encouraged to actively participate in minimizing energy wastage by being educated on the importance of energy saving. The government of Hong Kong has been actively championing the important role to put effort towards energy efficiency in Hong Kong. Hence, the government of Hong Kong which will be referred to as “the government”, has been prompted to introduce a voluntary Energy Efficiency Labeling Scheme (EELS), which from now henceforth will be referred to as “the scheme”, which covers quite a number of appliances and equipments. The government, through the Electrical and Mechanical Services Department (EMSD), gives the scheme for equipment and appliances used at home as well as in the office. In order to promote environmentally responsible products, the people of Hong Kong, importers as well as manufactures are encouraged to join the scheme. There are labels that are issued with the main aim of providing information on energy consumption as well as efficiency to help making better a decision when people are considering purchasing such appliances and equipment. One of such labels is the Coefficient of Performance (COP). The Coefficient of Performance (COP) is a measurement of efficiency, which measures the amount of power input to a system compared to the amount of power output by the same system. The COP has no dimension because the input and the output are both measured in Watt. The theoretical value of Coefficient of Performance (COP) of the energy-saving household appliances should be well labeled for the customer. Additionally, the government has also introduced a mandatory Energy Efficiency Labeling Scheme (EELS) to extend the public’s choice as far as energy efficient appliances are concerned. Therefore, public awareness on energy saving will be raise. 1.1 DESCRIPTION The Electrical and Mechanical Services Department (EMSD) is promoting the Energy Efficiency Labeling Scheme (EELS) to among the people of Hong Kong. Various household appliances as well as office equipment will incorporate a given energy label which will be informing the consumer of the products energy consumption and efficiency. Since the consumers are made aware of this scheme, they should be able to purchase such household appliances or office equipment. 1.2 ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE The push by Hong Kong’ ...
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(Building Services and Sustainable Engineering - PROJECT PROPOSAL Dissertation)
Table of Contents
Statement of ethical practice 5
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 7
Background Information 7
Problem statement 8
Problem definition 8
Research Questions 8
Justification of the Study 9
About the building 9
These industries focus on introducing innovative strategies which enable to enhance the experiences of the customers every time they visit for receiving their services (Dominici & Guzzo, 2010; Naseem & et. al., 2011). The rapidly changing demands of consumers with differential spending pattern due to the presence of huge number of competitors has ensured Food and Beverage industry to employ unique strategies for retaining existing customers and attracting new ones (Pranicevic & et.
The research process started with a mere idea and got desired shape with the support and cooperation of many in the due process. The researcher would like to thank and appreciate the efforts of her supervisor…………………………. for guiding her in the right direction along with helping in gaining deep insights over the research topic.
By determining the influences of these attributions to their academic performance, the researcher should be able to come up with recommendations on how to hone their attributions of themselves and of the program in general. The researcher also wants to conduct the study to help Chinese students improve their chances of success, especially those in the Advanced Placement curriculum.
Due to this there is a need for close attention to issues of sustainability, functionality and usability. As much as there is research to examine the functionality of e-learning systems,it has given little attention to usability issues, especially the accessibility of complex Web based interfaces for disabled users.
tasks could be broken down into smaller, more convenient manageable units, in order to meet time and cost deadlines. “Project management is a carefully planned and organized effort to accomplish a specific (and usually) one-time objective, for example, construct a building or implement a major new computer system.
The Evolution 8 2.3. The Design Principles 10 2.4. Summary 14 3. Building Information Modeling 18 3.1. The Concept 18 3.2. Application of BIM in Design Stages 22 4. Sustainable Design by using BIM 26 4.1. Design Tools 26 4.2. Summary 28 5. Case Study 29 5.1.
According to the report the engineer must consider “community and economic development plans as essential factors in making investment decisions. The design of the roads must be able to take into account what types of vehicles and the like will be traveling on those roads. Whether these roads are suitable for pedestrians, bicyclists, cars, and heavy duty trucks.
The important operations being supported through the information technologies are the usage of software for the drafting requirements, building analysis and design, project scheduling and management activities, web-enabled services for business creation, supply chain management activities and also client management activities.
An HVAC system’s performance is poor in a building, managers may experience a significant loss in building efficiency; bacteria may grow inside cooling towers, indoor air quality may suffer, and the health of occupant can deteriorate, leaving building owners at risk of low productivity, unwarranted sick time, and depleted HVAC system performance.
41 Pages(10250 words)Dissertation
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