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Evaporator Mass and Energy Balance, and Mechanical Design - Essay Example

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Evaporator Mass and Energy Balance, and Mechanical Design

As the discussion outlines that evaporation is a plant operation used to concentrate a solution or a liquid of a nonvolatile solute and a volatile solvent, which many at times we use water. A portion of the solvent is vaporized to produce three products i.e. concentrated solution, slurry or thick and viscous liquid. Evaporation can be confused with drying but it differs from drying in that the residue is a flowing liquid instead of a sticky solid material. Evaporation on the other hand is different from distillation in that there is no deliberate attempt to separate the vapors into individual components.This essay highlights that evaporation is one of the most energy consuming processes within most industries including dairy, food and chemical industries, it is most essential that evaporation be approached in regard to economical energy utilization and effectiveness of the process. In addition, evaporator should be safe to operate and offer no negative environmental impact. It is possible to achieve the above when equipment manufacturer is able to offer a full selection of evaporation technology and systems developed to accommodate various product characteristics, the percent of concentration required, and regional energy costs. Achieving control of most chemical/industrial evaporator systems is quite simple. However, with hygienic evaporators the control is somewhat more complicated due to the need to start up, operate, shut down and then clean at quite frequent intervals. ...Show more

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This report, Evaporator Mass and Energy Balance, and Mechanical Design, details the results of the HAZOP study. It covers mass and energy balance, safety consideration, environmental assessment report, economic appraisal in accordance with the requirements…
Author : adriandubuque
Evaporator Mass and Energy Balance, and Mechanical Design essay example
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