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Environmental Damage at Burgan Oil Field in Kuwait: History, Clean-up and Future Policy - Research Paper Example

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Environmental Damage in Burgan Oil Field in Kuwait: History, Clean-up, and Future Policy By Abdulwahab Alsheshteri IELP Independent Research Writing LING 153 Thursday August 11, 2011 Barbara Pijan, Instructor Portland State University 1.0 Introduction………………………………………………….3 2.0 Data Section………………………………………………
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Environmental Damage at Burgan Oil Field in Kuwait: History, Clean-up and Future Policy
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Environmental Damage at Burgan Oil Field in Kuwait: History, Clean-up and Future Policy

....4 2.2 Explain the Clean-up……………………………….….5 2.2.1 Extinguishing of Kuwaiti oil fires………...…5 2.2.2 Cleaning the salty water…………………......6 2.2.3 Cleaning the soil…………………………..…7 2.3 Future Environmental Policy……………………….….8 2.3.1 The future, what is KOC future plan to keep fixing the damage, how much damage is left?...................................................8 2.3.2 What is Kuwait government environmental policy to manage all the oil fields………………………………………....9 2.3.3 Is there any regional policy, does OPEC have any environmental policy?......................................9 3.0 What is the best thing for Kuwait government to do?..............9 4.0 Reference 1.0 Introduction Now-a-days there is no need of explanation that petroleum is a potent environmental contaminant. Since beginning of 21st Century news of various ship wrecks with crude petroleum and fuel petroleum as cargo made the headlines of every new channels and newspapers constantly. These oil spills endangered the ecological balance of the sea. But in this paper we will discuss about the oil spills which occurred during the Gulf war and its environmental influence on the regions of the oil spills. It has been mentioned that during the Gulf War that is from Aug 1990 – Feb 1991, the Arabian and Persian Gulf along with the Kuwait Desert evidenced the largest oil spill ever in history. Approximate 240 million gallons of oil spill had occurred during this Gulf War. If we observe history it will be clear that these spills were deliberately done by the Iraqi forces during invasion of Kuwait to damage Kuwaiti economy. Iraqis deliberately disposed oil in Gulfs and they destroyed the facilities of oil production, storage, etc. Oil leakage from these facilities enabled to form numerous oil lakes, these lakes were approximately 2 meters deep. Many of the oil wells were torched and the air became polluted with aerial deposition of partially combusted particles of oil, the non-combustible products of the oil fires also aggravated the pollution level to a large extent. As, these oil spills and oil fires caused too much of environmental hazard Kuwaiti Government accordingly took various measures to control the environmental pollution. This paper will also discuss about the environmental damage, clean up measures and the future environmental policies by KOC, Kuwait Government and OPEC to manage the oil fields and develop plans for fixing the existing damages. 2.0 Data Section 2.1 History of Gulf war 2.1.1. Where is Burgan oil field? Kuwait is located on the Persian Gulf. It has several important and productive oil fields. The largest of Kuwait’s oil fields is called Burgan. According to Al-Hashem, “The Greater Al-Burgan oil field has an area of349.65 km2 and lies 20 kilometers to the south of KuwaitCity”. (Al-Hashem, 2007) 2.1.2. When in history Sadam Hussain invaded Kuwait, how did they burn Burgan? Iraq invaded Kuwait on August 2, 1990 and the war caused severe environmental damages to Kuwait’s oil fields. The worst damage was the burning of oil wells and fields in Burgan and Ahmadi. The explosions of the burning wells released toxic gases and unburned oil in the shape of oil-mist that was carried to distant places for about 50 km2 (Al-Hashem, 2007). The Iraqi forces ... Read More
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