Analysis of Soft System Methodology in Relation to Construction Projects Content Analysis of the Soft Systems Methodology in Construction Projects.3 Merits of Soft Systems Methodology in Construction Projects…
.................6 Methodology of SSM in Construction Project Risk Management.............................7 Limitations of SSM and Need to use Hard Systems..................................................8 References..................................................................................................................10 Analysis of the Soft Systems Methodology in Construction Projects Construction projects are complex processes that incorporate many skills, materials, and different operations (Sears et al, 2008). There is therefore a need for numerous skills and techniques to be put together to ensure the best results are attained, not only for the contractors but numerous stakeholders involved in the project. Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) seeks to inquire about the perceptions and preferences of different stakeholders in a given construction project (Andrews, 2000). In other words, SSM is a method of giving some kind of legitimacy to a project by trying to understand the desires and needs of various people who affect or are affected by the construction project at hand. SSM tries to investigate complex issues and problems that are not well defined on the basis of numerous stakeholder views and demands and upgrade the knowledge about a project and integrate them in the project (Checkland, 1999). Basically, SSM is a system of investigating and understanding the environment within which a construction project will be undertaken. ...
Information is solicited from the various stakeholders through questionnaires or through external consultants. This information is collated and present to the project managers for incorporation into the full project. Merits of Soft Systems Methodology in Construction Projects Tayyab et al (2005) identify that construction projects face challenges that cannot be underestimated due to safety, competition and complexities. This is because the failure of a construction project can potentially lead to unimaginable fatalities that can have far-reaching effects on human lives. Secondly, competition in the building industry requires that all the stakeholders in a given project are satisfied otherwise there would be consequences for a construction company. Additionally, the harmonization of standards around the globe and the desire for high standards by various stakeholders in the world today require critical satisfaction of customer demands. Traditional approaches to the management of project systems that are focused on operations and technicalities are therefore not good enough any more (Tayyab et al, 2005). There is the need to satisfy all the needs of the various stakeholders to ensure that a construction project meets its objectives and does so very well. Soft Systems Methodology ensures that purposeful and deliberate action is undertaken to understand and upgrade the knowledge of the contractors to ensure that the construction project at hand is completed according to the demands of various stakeholders. The CATWOE model enables all the various stakeholder needs and demands to be put into perspective and honour them as the project is being undertaken. ...
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According to the report failure of a construction project can be defined as, the act of falling short, being deficient, or lacking; nonattainment or nonsuccess; nonperformance, neglect, omission; bankruptcy; and loss of vigor or strength”. Failures of construction projects can be divided into two basic categories; procedural failures and technical failures.
However, rather than reducing the complexity of the "mess" so that it can be modeled mathematically (hard systems), soft systems strive to learn from the different perceptions that exist in the minds of the different people involved in the situation (Andrews, 2000).
Britain had tried to substitute a portion of private savings account for some of state benefits but looking at the effect in the present time, it could be said that this had its major drawback. They proposed the GMP or Guaranteed Minimum Pension. This program is set a smallest amount of benefit that a worker could get upon retirement which is unlike the basic state pension pay.
It involves the surroundings and the affects of the final product on customers who are the persons that forms a part of client system.
Soft System Methodology or SSM is used achieve project goals in a systematic and sequence manner. This methodology encourages using rich pictures to express a problem.
It also pertains to the natural environment. Abiotic factors on the other hand, include the external environment and the components behind it. Systems thinking look at these systems and tries to find viable solutions with in the tenets of each system be it hard or soft.
learn from these two methodologies, their distinguishing and contrasting characteristics and their potential for combined or complementary application of system thinking to management problem solving." 2
The administrative staff works with two groups of staffs. The first group
The second part presents conceptual models that view the problem from different viewpoints. The third part is primarily concerned with the feasibility and practicability of the proposed models. The essay accentuates the factors that impediment work
clients want superior value at competitive cost, especially when market conditions are difficult, and it is not easy to find funds for construction projects. The Saudi Ministry of Defence and the Saudi military started applying value engineering techniques in the early 1980s in