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Global Navigation System - Lab Report Example

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The idea of a global setup for navigation and monitoring was conceived in around 1960s when feasibility studies were conducted for this purpose, and in late 1970s the setup was run practically. For first few years the operations were limited to military use and defense purposes while last decade of 20th century gave rise to commercial use of G.P.S. There are two more competitive forces in competition with NAVSTAR in this field, one run and administered by Russia called GLONASS, while Europeans have Galileo in place. The annual costs incurred in the working and maintenance of G.P.S is around one billion dollars annually. Global Navigation system can help determining two things to nearly exact proximity. The coordinates in form of longitude, latitude, and height while Time in terms of Universal Standard times (2). G.P.S is run and administered by United States Air force and has a massive setup behind it, a total of 24 constellation satellites are in place for performing twenty four hours tasks operation. The satellites rotate once every twelve hours and are at a height of 9 thousand miles from the earth and each of these satellites travel at speed of 11 thousand miles per hour .Each satellite weighs around 17 thousand pounds and is on average 17 feet tall in height. The G.P.S based satellites transmits signals to the equipment installed at the ground, at receiver end, each satellite gives us data that contains the position and timing information .The timing issues are handled by the atomic

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clocks that work on global scale for keeping a standardized timing all over the world. The coordinates measurement is done in alignment with World Geodetic System WG S 84 coordinate system. The G.P.S setup consists of mainly three components, namely control segment, space segment and the user segment .The control segment consists of the antennas, and the user segment consists of receivers and processors .The accuracy of G.P.S devices depends on the type of equipment receiving the data, slight variation can be expected with small hand held devices up to 10 to 20 meters. However, advanced methods like Differential G.P.S helps improving the efficiency in results . For commercial use two signals are generated L1, and L2, which operates in the frequency range of 1575.42 MHz in the Ultra High Frequency spectrum. In modern times G.P.S is used in almost all activities of life. This includes the use for military purposes and civilian use in prime. So much so, at times the people acquainted from the court case on parole are traced through global navigation system . In case of Military, G.P.S is used in radars, missile systems, fighter planes, on foot soldiers during the war. In commercial field G.P.S finds large number of uses, G.P.S can be largely found in the cars these days, in commercial aero planes, they find large users in the field of agriculture, where places are less accessible, these navigation means can help reaching out all those areas. Global Navigation systems are of large use in disaster situations, floods, tornados, tsunamis, earthquakes, parts of land that are disconnected from rest of the area can be accessed and people stranded can be easily rescued by locating
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Summary

Global Navigation System In past different means and measures have been used to keep track of things and people .All those means were less effective and more tedious in nature. Mid 20th century gave us concept of something that is more effective, less tiresome and that technology is called Global Navigation System or Global Positioning System .Global Positioning System has made the task of tracking and monitoring possible and has enabled all those things which were not possible in past…
Global Navigation System
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