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MME 101 Paper 4 : Ethics of the Sale of Body Parts
Engineering and Construction
Pages 5 (1255 words)
Organ Transplant Name: Course Name: Course Instructor: Date of submission: Organ Transplant Organ donation is defined as the willing transfer of biological tissues or organs of the human body from either a dead or living person to a living recipient in need of the organ.
Consent in donation is determined by two main methods, namely, ‘opt in’ (those donors who have explicitly consented to being donors) and ‘opt out’ (those who have not refused to be donors). In the United States, over 100,000 people are in need of an organ transplant leading to a crisis. On an average scale, the United States performs 30,000 organ transplants per annum with lack of organ donor related deaths rating above 6,000 people per annum averaging to 19 people daily. Medical examiners through the Uniform Anatomical Gift Act of 1987 were allowed to decide whether organs from cadavers would be harvested and used in transplants. In the past, a reduction in the need for organs was believed to be achievable through presumed consent. New state laws are trying to ease the complexity of donation and many states in the United States are adopting them, as Rob Stein of the Washington Post is quoted: “State legislatures are rewriting legislation governing organ donations in one of the most ambitious initiatives in at least 20 years to alleviate the chronic shortage of kidneys, livers and other body parts, an effort that some doctors and ethicists fear tilts too far toward allowing organs to be taken” (Stein 2008). ...
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