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PhD

o V and Euro VI emission limits 116 Table of Figures Figure 1 - Forces resisting the movement of the vehicle as a function of vehicle speed sourced from (Hilliard & Springer, 1984, p.8) 6 Figure 2 - Air drag coefficient in the European countries during the period 1900 to 2000 sourced from (Pundir, 2008, p.19) 9 Figure 3 – Growth of the passenger car sector in India sourced from (Pundir, 2008, p.6) 13 Figure 4 - Petrol consumption in India sourced from (Pundir, 2008, p.7) 14 Figure 5 - The future projections of demand versus production of oil sourced from (Mi et al., 2011, p.5) 15 Figure 6 – Global carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion sourced from (OECD, 2004, p.43) 16 Figure 7 - Comparison of fuel consumption of gasoline and diesel engines sourced from (Pundir, 2008, p.21) 25 Figure 8 - Schematic composition of three different hybrid vehicle drive trains sourced from(OECD, 2004, p.142) 31 Figure 9 - The driving cycles used in the US, EU and Japan sourced from (Pundir, 2008, p.14) 34 Figure 10 – Comparison to the 10-15 drive cycle used in Japan sourced from (Pundir, 2008, p.14) 34 Figure 11 - The test method for light-duty vehicles sourced from (Faiz et al., 1996, p.26) 36 Figure 12 - The footprint-based US fuel economy standards for 2011 sourced from (Pundir, 2008, p.9) 39 Figure 13 - the evolution of fuel economy in the US sourced from(Mi et al., 2011, p.8) 39 Figure 14 - The New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) sourced from (Sideris, 1998, p.4) 41 Figure 15 - The alternative NEDC sourced from (Barlow et al., 2009, p.25) 42 Figure 16 – Comparison of the NEDC with FTP-75 (Sideris, 1998, p.5) 43 Figure 17 - The Japan vehicle FE standards effective from the model year 2015 sourced from (Pundir, 2008, p.13) 48 Figure 18 - Theoretical Framework 93 Figure 19 - Theoretical Framework 93 Figure 20 - The schematic diagram of Phase 1 95 Figure 21 - Schematic Diagram of Powertrain Adopted from Pasquier et al.,2013 96 Figure 22 - The Schematic Diagram of CAN 102 Figure 23 - Research Design 103 Hi! There are no corrections on Chapter 3. Chapter 3 is the one that I wrote. All the corrections are on Chapter 2 and I did not write it. Anyways, I made the changes that your mentor require. I do not know if I am the right person to work with you on your conference paper. My background is not engineering, but my personal research is on ‘research methodologies’. So, I was able to work on Chapter 3 which was about methodologies. Goodluck! Regards Writer Chapter 2 Validation of Vehicle Fuel Consumption What is fuel economy? The fuel economy (FE) of any vehicle can be calculated as a ratio of distance travelled per unit volume of fuel consumed or as the ratio of fuel consumption per distance travelled (GFEI, 2013). Fuel economy standards can be of various forms such as litres of fuel consumed per hundred kilometres of distance travelled or kilometres travelled per litre of vehicle fuel (An et al., 2011, p.4). The global average vehicle fuel consumption hovers around 8 litres for every 100 km corresponding to 29.4 mpg. A ...Show more

Summary

Contents What is fuel economy? 5 Factors affecting fuel economy of a vehicle 6 Why is fuel economy important? 13 Design & Technology for Fuel Economy 18 Managing Fuel Economy 22 Fuel Economy Implementation in Passenger Cars 24 Fuel Economy of the Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) 30 How is fuel economy measured?…
Author : luettgensabina
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