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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - Research Paper Example
Author : keyshawnbeier
Health Sciences & Medicine
Pages 9 (2259 words)
Currently, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is in sharp focus of research attention and has drawn considerable media attention due to many issues related to its prevalence, occurrence, management, treatment with amphetamines, long-term outcomes, and the social impact thereof…
Since then research had progressed further, but the position had changed little. As of now both neurologists and psychiatrists are trying to manage this problem, but the fact is that there is no identifiable cognitive, metabolic, or neurological marker for this problem, and the diagnosis of ADHD cannot be established with any medical tests (Barkley et al., 2002) Therefore, there is a lack of definition of criteria based on which the professionals can arrive at a diagnosis, and research reports indicate exceedingly differing rates of prevalence across continents. Till date no neuroimaging study has been acceptably standardized that can corroborate a clinical suspicion of ADHD through irrevocable objective means, and the faults in the designs of these studies throw considerable doubt about the feasibility of these means to offer a diagnostic platform for this disorder. Although genetic studies have indicated specific traits for ADHD, all studies have indicated normalcy of brain. In many cases, high incidence of other comorbidities makes a clear-cut diagnosis impossible. Although there has been no accepted specific treatment for ADHD, the widely debated therapeutic agent methylphenidate has been demonstrated to have similar pharmacologic effects on otherwise normal children (Goldstein and Ellison, 2002). ...