This situation often results in lowered postural stability leading to reduction in independence and higher risk of falling. The quadriceps are vital muscle group required to support all the activities for daily life (ADL). The reduction in the strength of quadriceps is required for decreased ADL performance and an increased frequency of fall in elders. Further, earlier studies have shown that the impairment of muscles could also lead to proprioceptive acuity (Aniss et al, 1990). The detailed study have been undertaken to compare the quadriceps strength, activation proprioceptive acuity, postural stability and the performance of functional activities in young, middle-aged and elderly subjects (Hurley et al, 1998). The results from this study showed revealed that proprioception and functional performance on different age groups revealed that the strength of the quadriceps was negatively correlated with the age. While all the age groups displayed identical postural stability in bipedal stance with their eyes open, both the middle and elderly age groups were unable to maintain monopedal stance at least for 15 seconds (Hurley et al, 1998). On postural stability, the monopedal stance has significant age influence over the bipedal stance. Hurlet et al (1998) have confirmed that deterioration of muscle strength, proprioceptive acuity and postural stability with the age is the prime reason for the increased duration of the ADL and adversely effects the individual functional performance with elderly population. ...Show more
The knee joint kinematics could be seriously affected by different reasons. In most of these cases a clear isolation of the specific reason is seldom possible due to the absence of the sufficient results to consolidate the argument (Murray et al, 1985).One such case is the reason for the weakness of the muscle during the aging process. …
The cartilage of the knee comprises of lateral and medial menisci, both serving the purpose of providing structural integrity during instances of tension (Jette & Jette, 1996). Sometimes these menisci are referred to semi-lunar cartilages; a name attributed to their shapes.
Cost of production in modern days has gone so high and business organizations are losing or gaining little profits to meet demands of all their stakeholders. This has prompted business organizations to retrench some of their employees and reduce remuneration for the remaining members in order to lower their cost of production.
Such developments resulted to surgical procedures which allowed limb-sparing surgery in most cases (Sugarbaker et al, 2001). Limb amputation is necessary because: 1) it may threaten the life of a victim or a patient if left attached; 2) it is non-viable; 3) if the function or appearance of the limb can be improved by replacing the defective part with a prosthesis; and 4) if the patient suffers from chronic pain that has not been alleviated or treated by other forms of therapy.
Acute Knee Sprain Assessment 26-01-12 Acute Knee Sprain Assessment Pathophysiology: Being the largest joint in the body, the knee is extremely susceptible in certain individuals to injury from trauma, arthritis and degenerative changes. Being a hinge joint, the knee has a joint line that exists between the femoral condyles and the tibial plateaus.
Yet, reduction in synovial inflammation has never been discovered. That is why the purpose of this study was to examine whether repetitive SW diathermy, using ultrasonography examination, could reduce knee osteoarthritis which is often associated with synovitis, which is an inflammatory process of the surrounding synovium.
The author states that the fact that hearing loss by itself lowers the quality of life, explains why most affected individuals are in most cases depressed. To a larger extend, those individuals who acquire this kind of disability is the most affected. These include anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders, dissociative disorders.
The Total knee replacement surgery entails the complete replacement of the surface of the bones found on the knee joint, where there are various stages to achieve this. The Total knee replacement surgery of the 70 year old woman started with the normal opening of the knee, to access the damaged knee component, and then replace the knee appropriately.
A Decision of Uncertainty To Diversify the Range of Products or Open a New Branch The last financial year was a rather successful time for the enterprise I work for part time. It is a new business enterprise that has been in existence for three years. It deals with service of coffee and coffee products.
Due to globalization, most of the multinational companies are converging towards the IFRS, leaving the traditional GAAP framework of accounting used in the United States. Differences in the measurements of Goodwill Impairment with GAAP & IFRS The assistance for accounting of impairment of goodwill is analogous to GAAP and IFRS.
This paper looks into Mild cognitive impairment as a type of memory loss.
Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is a medical condition where an individual experiences memory deficit that do no significantly influence daily
2 pages (500 words)Research Paper
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