Health equity, however, is the study of the variations in the healthcare and health quality across different populations (Anderson, 2004). This may include differences in health outcomes, the presence of disease, and healthcare access across sexual orientation, ethnic, racial, and socioeconomic groups. In relation to substance abuse, the health biomedical model is used in lowering the number of premature mortality and morbidity. This model encourages the examination of the body parts that may work together to ensure that the population attains good health. The model looks at the wrong thing about the individual in relation to substance abuse and then that part is fixed. If an individual is not feeling well then he or she would seek an examination from a doctor. The doctor will offer diagnosis and eventually treatment if the individual is not well to better his or her life. This model hence looks at the body as a mechanism whereby if any part of it is wrong, then it is fixed so that it may function well again (Bacon, 2010). The biomedical approach is popular in the western world and this is because of the cheap care and treatment of people, it applies the scientific methods, uses expert knowledge in obtaining the results, and has improved public health. Biomedical model has a single focus. That is the actual person and not the emotional and the social process of the individual. The model seeks to identify individuals at risk of a disease resulting from substance abuse and then focuses on their treatment and not the prevention of the disease. Biomedical health model focuses attention on the physical symptoms and the emotional aspect of the health state of the service user which is secondary to an exemption of the psychiatric services. According to this model, in order to promote health in relation to substance abuse, the effective doctor to patient communication is very significant for the patient to master what the doctor expects from them in order to comply with the directions like taking medication and adhering to the regimen among other instructions. There is not a single universal health model of health provider to user interactions. They have variations depending on the knowledge between the two parties and the consultation nature. For instance, a single encounter with a radiographer is particularly different from an encounter with a familiar general practitioner. On the other hand, the critics of the model have always cited the nature of the de-personalized objectifying practice of biomedicine like putting the focus not on the individual but on the disease (Barkauskas, 1983). Supported by technology, the biomedical model enhances the interest of the reductionist in the body that learns much about less. This conventional risk has also resulted in various concerns. The biomedical model is characterized by the theory of the scientific underpinnings of the medicine and has been replaced by the biopsychosocial model as it characterizes the contemporary western health care delivery in the best manner.
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This research paper "A Health Promotion Approach to Substance Abuse" hence seeks to discuss the inequalities and disparities based on the health care system when referring to the biomedical model and the asset-based approach to the healthcare systems in relation to substance abuse…
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