StudentShare solutions
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Essay example - Runic Alphabets in Scandinavia

Only on StudentShare
Pages 9 (2259 words)
Rune, which was derived from the word "run", meaning "mystery" in Old Norse and Old English, best suits these letters which were carved in wood or stone, placed in a bag then thrown to look into the future. They have been closely associated with divination while early Christian Church leaders condemned them as tools for communicating with the devil (Carroll 2006).

Extract of sample

Sadly, the meanings of these symbols and their purpose are now lost. Like runes, they were believed to be used for divination and they may have strongly influenced the magical function of later runic alphabets (Smith 1996).
Historians and anthropologists are uncertain about the early uses of runes. They may have been used as actual characters for writing. However, the name rune suggests that they were also used as mystical signs or symbols which possess powerful magic. Early Germanic literature bear testimony to the magical character of runes. The Edda, a series of poems, and folk songs to these modern days attest to the influence that runes have on humanity.
In fact, the supernatural powers of runes are said to have not only influence, but can overcome natural and physical laws. Runes can summon rain or violent thunderstorms. They can break chains and shackles, or bind men into them. They can heal illness or cause someone to suffer disease. They could raise the dead from their graves. Warriors can become invincible with the help of runes, and cause his weapon to inflict mortal wounds to the enemy. Runes can make men mad, as they can also protect men from the deceitful designs of others.
Runes are generally considered as of divine origin, since Odin himself, as related in the Edda, had to sac ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

The Enimga Machine
History of the world has witnessed a large number of massacres, wars, acts of manslaughter and destruction in the name of pride, honor and victory. The brutal nature of man continued evolving and intensified to exorbitant levels with the passage of time. The ego of man and desire to become superior, have led him to change the course of history and the rules of the games. Every fight that man has…
13 pages (3263 words)
Renaissance Comparison
Although the very term renascence was brought into currency in the 19th century by the Swiss historian Jacob Burckhardt, the origins of this movement could be traced as earlier as the beginning of the 14th century. Actually the European Renaissance began in Central Italy, namely in Tuscany centering in the cities of Siena and Florence. This movement had further a considerable impact in the city of…
2 pages (502 words)
Why was Ancient Greek society as influential as it was, on the rest of the world?
The classical Greek was mostly rocky and mountainous and colonized with many new states across the Mediterranean Sea (Ancient Greek Colonization, 2012). Greece as a society was a male dominated patriarchal society in nature where women did not had many rights. Their ranks were established in accordance of their husbands’ and fathers’. Most of the women in Athens were not entitled to reading,…
5 pages (1255 words)
Greek Rationalism and Philosphies
Research by different history scholars including Duikar and Andrea, irons out various factors to be responsible for the early golden wisdom. Some of the reasons get related to the religion while other relates to various traditions of the Greece. Medieval philosophy and the scholasticism relies on logical reasoning manifested by ancient Greeks, which had the capability to apply various principles…
4 pages (1004 words)
Did Women Enjoy a Higher Status in Early or Late Medieval Societies?
It is important to note from the onset that the family structure in the early Middle Ages was highly patriarchal in nature in that as much as women had rights; the rights of their male counterparts superseded theirs. Bennett (2000, p.142) while quoting the great feminist historian Eileen Power states that the overall status of women during the medieval periods was one characterized with serious…
10 pages (2510 words)
Narrative of the life of Fredric Douglass
Douglass remembers how Aunt Hester was whipped without remorse until blood flowed from her back. This incident terrified Douglass who hid in a closet to avoid the horrible sight. Douglass had lived with his grandmother before coming to work here and now he realized how grisly life was on the plantation. The plantation owned by Colonel Lloyd as Douglass describes was a “great business place”…
4 pages (1004 words)