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Promoting Rights of Children in Ghana - Essay Example

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Promoting Rights of Children in Ghana

Ecological systems theory

The ecology of human development theory as propounded by Bronfenbrenner has

defined as the ” mutual accommodation between an active, growing human being and the

changing properties of the immediate settings in which the developing individual person

lives”. In accordance with this theory, the child is envisaged as developing within a

complex system of relationships affected by multiple levels of the environment

surrounding the child. In Ghana, this has been complicated by HIV/AIDS,children are

experiencing death pf parents at an early age and are taken care of by other foster

parents.




Attachment theory


Development and emotional functioning of children occurs in a context of relationships

(Bronfenbrenner 1979,Osofsky 2004). Children depend on their caretakers as sources of

protection and safety.


Aims and research questions:

The aims of our research and the questions that we want to answer through the

research are as follows:

• Are NGOs actually helping children to progress in any way?
• In what ways are children being helped?
• What are the aspects of life of the children that are affected by the NGOs?
• To prove that NGOs are needed not only for orphan kids but also for kids who have parents taking care of them.
• To prove NGO workers and volunteers are sometimes more effective in child welfare than the Government or police.




Background

Child welfare is an important issue in any country. In Ghana, this responsibility is

shouldered by the nuclear or extended family of a child. Nuclear family include the

parents, while Extended family includes, the grandparents, uncle, aunty, or any other

relative. However, poverty, HIV, child abuse and child labour is affecting families, and

eventually affecting the children. Our concern is the role that is played by the

international and local N.G.Os in these children's life.


Methodology

While the two common types of research methods are the Qualitative and Quantitative

research methods, I would be using the mixed method procedure that is a mix of both

qualitative and quantitative research methods. It is a relatively new research approach in

the social and human sciences. It is unique because it included the advantages of both the

qualitative and quantitative methods. While quantitative methods asks how many, and

qualitative asks what and how, mixed methods asks why. The mixed method research has

both thematic and numerous One of its strength is also that its validity and reliability

standards. It has both closed ended measures and open observations.



The study used would be Qualitative methods of data collection and data analysis ,

which will be followed by quantitative methods of data collection and analysis. The data

collection for qualitative methods were

INTERACTIVE INTERVIEWING
The aim of the interview is to find out the participant's
perception, hence their views should be unbiased.
Interviews can also be a group interviews.

The answers should preferably not be, YES or NO, as
that makes details unachievable.
The researcher should choose an environment that
makes the participants comfortable.

PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION
The researcher should monitor observation and record

personal bias of the participant.

The researcher himself should be very neutral and not have

any prejudice while observing participant.


FOCUS GROUP
The focus group session is, indeed, an interview (Patton,
1990) not a discussion group, problem-solving session, or
decision-making group.
Comprises of both ...Show more

Summary

Theoretical Framework

The theories used serve as a theoretical lens for the study questions as well as a means

to provide broad explanation (Creswell 2003). The major theories on which the study was

based are the attachment theory and the ecological theory of human development.
Author : esperanzametz
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