Organized crime tends to flourish in countries where legitimate government and civil society is disorganized, weak, absent or untrustworthy. Therefore, it is believed that the strong government and trustworthy law enforcement in the United States makes organized crime more difficult. The American economy is much less dependant on the money produced by organized crime when compared to the organized crime found in other countries.
"In Japan, the most serious organized crime problems are almost always related to the notorious Japanese organized crime groups - the yakuza" (Finckenauer 90). The main crimes committed by these groups involve gambling, prostitution, and amphetamine trafficking. The human trafficking of sex workers is an overwhelmingly common crime in Asian countries and while law enforcement officials find it difficult to generalize Japanese organized crime, they do agree that prostitution stands at the head of organized crime in their country. Most of the illegal sex workers found in Japan come from the neighboring countries: Thailand, the Philippines, Colombia, China, and Korea. "Even though Japanese authorities are convinced that yakuza members are heavily involved in the transportation and control of foreign sex workers, but that it is not their number one priority because they believe foreign sex workers are not being forced into their activities, nor is there pressure from the Japanese public to do something about it because many businesses rely on the support of the wealthy crime groups" (Finckenauer 90).
Like Japan, organized crime in China is responsible for orchestrating the human trafficking of sex workers, but they also play a role in country's drug problem. "The Chinese government is alarmed by the dramatic increase in the number of heroin addicts in China, and the authorities believe that locally based drug syndicates are responsible for importing heroin from the neighboring Golden Triangle and distributing it throughout China." (Finckenauer 90). The overwhelming amount of heroin smuggled into China is the factor that sets the country apart from its neighboring Asian countries. Most authorities agree that the Asian countries share many of the same types of crime, but it is difficult for them to generalize it. "For example there is little consensus among law enforcement authorities as to what the leading organized problems in Asia are, but they place most of their focus on combating organized crime activities such as gambling, prostitution, and violent acts committed by mobsters against rival gang members" (Finckenauer 90). One of the reasons why law enforcement officials have difficulty detecting who is behind these crimes is because the majority of organized crime groups are protected by local authorities called "boahusan" which means "protecting umbrella". These individuals rely on the money and protection of crime groups in order for their businesses to survive, to remain in power, and for their livelihood.
The recent liberalization of Russia has created an immense opportunity for organized crime to flourish within its borders. "As the speed of liberalization was greater than that of institution-building, the emerging markets spontaneously developed alternative mechanisms of protection and enforcement" (Volkov 326). Law enforcement officials are often slow or reluctant to act on these crimes because the country lacks respective law and procedures when it