Body-image studies are important to research into psychopathologies such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia. A convenient sample of 20 female and male undergraduate psychology students completed an online body-image survey. The survey used the Stunkard Body Shape Scale silhouettes and questions regarding perceived actual and ideal body-images on a 9-point rating scale…
Perceptions of body image are of research concern for psychopathologies such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia, amongst both women and men (Fallon & Rozin, 2985). Body-image can be defined as a person's self-concept of their physical appearance (Strickland, 2004). Investigation of the sociocultural differences between genders in body image perception is increasing (Fallon & Rozin, 2985). Fallon and Rozin (1985) report that women tend to weigh themselves more often, are more likely to consider themselves as fat, are more likely to be on a diet, and tend to seek medical assistance with weight issues more frequently, as compared to men. These results, state Fallon and Rozin, may be related to women on average being less satisfied with their appearance than men. Further, studies appear to indicate body image perception in general for women and men is focused on issues of weight (Fallon & Rozin, 1985). Fallon and Rozin cite a study by Gray in 1977 that found women were more likely to consider themselves overweight as compared to objective measurements, whereas men were likely to perceive themselves as underweight. Gray concluded that across the genders participants misperceived their weight when compared to their own gender, and make judgments about their weight based on standards that do not incorporate the health model (Fallon & Rozin, 1985). An example of such a standard is the perceptions of the ideal body image as judged by the opposite gender (Fallon & Rozin, 1985).
Later research supports conclusions that many people experience a discrepancy between their perceptions of an ideal body image and their actual body image (Byrne & Hills, 1996). Sociocultural influences on perceptions of body image may be attributed to media portrayals of the ideal body within a western industrial nation (Fallon & Rozin, 1985). Traditionally targeted at the female form, media portrayals of a body ideal now extend to both women and men (Yang, Gray & Pope, 2005). Fallon and Rozin (1985) found that on average men tended to rate their current, ideal and attractive body-image as very similar. Whereas, women's ideal image tended to weigh less, than both current and attractive ratings. Fallon and Rozin highlighted in their results that perceptions of what the opposite sex consider an ideal body-image are usually wrong. They found that women considered men to desire a slimmer female form as compared to what men reported they liked, and men perceived women to be attracted to a heavier male form than what women reported.
Studies have investigated methods to quantify the difference between an individual's perception of ideal and actual body image as a measure of body-image disturbance (Byrne & Hill, 1996). Importantly, it is necessary that such instruments be standardized for the populations they are used for, for example females and males, or differences in age or ethnicity (Byrne & hill, 1996). The Stunkard Body Shape Figure Scale (Stunkard et al., 1980 as cited in Strickland, 2004) is one such scale. The patterns of ranking perceived ideal and actual body image have provided insight into how females or males as a group differ amongst themselves, as well as in ...
Cite this document
(“Psychology Laboratory Report Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/282923-psychology-laboratory-report
(Psychology Laboratory Report Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Psychology Laboratory Report Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/282923-psychology-laboratory-report.
This practical utilized the plasmid vector pUC19, a common vector used for cloning small DNA fragments in Escherichia coli. pUC19 is 2686bp in total size and contain an origin of replication that enables the given vector to replicate in E.coli. pUC19 replicates in E.coli to produce approximately 100 copies per cell.
Basil plants were planted in three samples of soils that comprised of typical potting, sand, and black soil. Their heights were measured after every seven days for a period of two weeks. The results of the experiment partially supported the hypothesis. The speed growth of basil plants in typical potting was attributed to environment.
This experiment concerns with the quality of signal movement between two stations say station A and station B. By studying the identification of the frequency we would be able to know the effects that frequency has on the signal amplification. By studying the classifications of different responses obtain from different respondents, we can gain the understanding behind this effect of frequency on the signal amplification.
The material grades are specified as SPCC and SPCG steels. SPCC is a commercial quality cold reduced carbon steel sheets and strips whereas SPCG steel is an extra deep drawing quality non-aging steel. Both types of steels are cold rolled carbon dead mild steels.
It applied repeated measures design with first year and second year students of University of Huddersfield. Opportunity sampling was used to test effects of semantic relationship, spread of activation, and inter stimulus interval on priming, and data analyzed by SPSS software.
This laboratory report describes the theory of transistors, methodology used during the experiments. The purpose of these experiments was to familiarize with two basic forms of transistors and measure the base, emitter and collector currents for each form of transistor. There was also carried out an investigation of the basic connections.
If one is well-versed with a task, the presence of a peer or an audience motivates him or her to accomplish a task more efficiently. On the contrary, executing an unfamiliar or tough task would become more complicated in the presence of an audience.
The presence of other people would naturally make a person aware of his or her surrounding and take a person to an aroused state of mind (Allport, 1924).
What was the latency of the response
Answer: The data from sheet 1 showed the elbow flexion unloading response of the biceps. The weight was removed unexpectedly as we can see the unloading reflex in the bicep provoked by the load release. The latency time is about 55 milliseconds.