StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu
  • Home
  • Subjects
  • Miscellaneous
  • A re-examination of the contextualization of the Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls

A re-examination of the contextualization of the Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
A re-examination of the contextualization of the Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls

In light of recent scholarship, the traditional sectarian explanation of Qumran combined with a more nuanced approach may possibly reveal that the site had at least a dual purpose beyond that of a certain sectarian settlement and more specifically was a place for the development of communal activities, including the production or manufacture of pottery. Moreover, could it have been possible that the Essenes employed non-Essenes to do certain functions To be certain, it has long been argued since de Vaux's excavation reports, that when placed in a proper historical and archaeological context, the caves, the scrolls and the ruins are altogether interconnected.1
To shed some historical perspective, according to Davies, Brooke and Callaway, the basis for this interconnectivity was originally the texts themselves found in Cave 1 and their later interpretation by de Vaux's team of excavators, the members of the Cave 4 editorial team and most other scholars.2 Seemingly, of particular importance were E.L. Sukenik's survey publications in 1948-1949 which concluded that the religious community involved in the Cave 1 descriptions was the ascetic sect of the Essenes. Accordingly, the description of the structure and belief systems of a religious community as we have it from the texts of the Community Rule (1QS), the War Scroll (1QM), the Thanksgiving Hymns (1QH) and the Damascus Document (CD) were important because they shed light on identifying the community as most probably the Jewish sect of the Essenes before excavations at Qumran had ensued. Furthermore, this long-held interpretation was underpinned by Pliny's Essene settlement on the north-western shore of the Dead Sea, south of Jericho. Interestingly, despite their interpretations based on the Cave 1 material, they failed to advance questions on the ecology and the economic and social context of Qumran itself.3 With modern day advances in radio carbon dating, we are not only able to date the scrolls and other archaeological finds with far greater precision, but far more importantly we are also able to incorporate such technology with other methods to focus more on the context of site itself, thus integrating both text and archaeology. Clearly, had it not been for the technology of C14 dating, our terms of palaeographic comparison for dating the scrolls would perhaps still solely have relied on the small Nash Papyrus, containing the Ten Commandments.
Apart from those who maintain the traditional theory, there also exists a minority of scholars who have suggested alternative theories while at the same time rejecting the long-held sectarian settlement theory originally proposed by de Vaux and recently reinforced by Magness. Some of the more vociferous dissenters of de Vaux's theory argue that the scrolls originated in Jerusalem and had no connection with the settlement at Qumran whatsoever.4 Two Belgian archaeologists, the Donceels have stated that Qumran was not a sectarian settlement but a villa rustica-that is, a country villa; Humbert has modified the Donceels' theory and proposed that Qumran was a villa during its initial ...Show more

Summary

In the aftermath of de Vaux's excavations in the 1950's up until the mid 1980's, it has been commonly assumed that the Dead Sea Scrolls discovered in the nearby caves constituted the library of a Jewish sectarian community (most probably of the Essene sect that lived at Qumran)…
Author : yvette19
A re-examination of the contextualization of the Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"A re-examination of the contextualization of the Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Archaeology
This paper now seeks to understand the importance of evolutionary approaches to the study of archaeology. It will seek to evaluate the theories of evolution and how they impact on the understanding of archaeology and the elements which also surround it. This study is being undertaken in order to establish a detailed and critical analysis of the subject matter in the hope of establishing an academic foundation for archaeology and related theories.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Archaeology
Collection of artifacts is employed to determine patterns from which inferential links based on ethnology, ethnoarchaeology, experiment, etc. can be used to make statements about behavior. As the question for this assignment states, “based on this pattern of reasoning many archaeologists have recently argued that archaeology can contribute to scientific understanding of long-term ecological change and the structure of modern environments.” This is the opinion of our instructor and will be examined throughout the remainder of this discussion.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Archaeology
The dimension of archaeological culture is comprised of the requisites or material culture remains of the past human societies. That is to say, the study of archaeological culture of a particular society focuses on its material culture remains collected from specific time and place.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Dead Sea Scrolls : Judaism & Christianity
The scrolls have helped people gain more understanding on the forms of Judaism and Christianity that existed after the second temple period. Information on the nature of Judaism religion can be easily accessed with the nature of religion as a monolithic religion put in question.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Coral Reef Re-plantation in X-Sea Port Area
Whip corals and Red coral fall under the first subclass. The second subclass is characterized by the presence either six tentacles or multiples of six. Stony or true corals come under the second subclass. In many parts of the world, the coral population has undergone a massive reduction due to various human factors.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Contextualization of the Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls
However, despite such apparent consensus, we ought not to narrowly focus our interpretation of the Scrolls, its authors (for which most scholars seem to agree are the Essenes) and the Qumran site itself when it comes to a proper analysis of contextualizing all three
23 pages (5750 words) Essay
Dead Sea scrolls exhitbit at The Royal Ontario Museum
The scrolls can only be viewed for a short time because they cannot be exposed to light or to humidity. According to Jochen Duckeck, they became famous because this is where the Dead Sea Scrolls (also called The Qumran Scrolls) represent the oldest manuscript available of
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Archaeology
Burger and Salazar (2005) report “Machu Picchu was abandoned around AD 1532, many aspects of the Inca culture and society survived” (191). If the Incas survived, why was Machu Picchu abandoned? Since the
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Archaeology
Collection of artifacts is employed to determine patterns from which inferential links based on ethnology, ethnoarchaeology, experiment, etc. can be used to make statements about behavior. As the question for this assignment states, “based on this
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Archaeology
The focus of the research and discussion addresses issues surrounding the Pre-Awarak people and their adopted coping mechanisms to the increased
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us