As previously stated, in the early 20th century, English football ruled the world. Since then England have indeed been overtaken, on some occasions by nations who would never have expected to be in a similar position only a few years ago. International teams such as Croatia, France and others have all gained higher rankings than England on the world stage. The objective of this exercise is to find out if the influx of foreign players has played a hand in this, and the reasons why managers of English football clubs choose to import foreign players, at the top level, rather than use the home grown talent available.
The article written by Patrick Mcgovern (Patrick McGovern, 2002), challenges the basis behind the import of foreign players into English football. He states that the global market is a free process which changes the nature of the economic competition. Having investigated hiring practices for the English football league during 1946 to 1995, one aspect of the conclusions was that globalisation might be a reasonable thing to expect.
It points out that global influence is not just about players. It is also about economic social and political factors that can have either national or indeed British origins. However this article also points out that there is consistency in the the types of foreign players that are chosen to play in the English league. This can be in terms of climate, culture, language and, the style of football. This would fit countries such as Scotland, Ireland, northern Europe and Australia. However, the article fails to point out that quite a number of foreign players have come from South America, such as Argentina or Brazil. Their influence cannot be discounted. Therefore, the choice of fine players is partly due to culture choices.
Opinions in the Media, Management and English football fans
In analysing the influences in the decision to use foreign players in the English game, we note from the Patrick Mcgovern's research: "Czarnitzki and Stadtmann's German thesis named "Uncertainty of outcome versus reputation : empirical evidence for the First German Football Division or Zentrum fr Europische Wirtschaftsforschung is a very recent and important paper. Though the focal point is the German football league it draws a parallel with the English league, thus providing huge data on the current subject. On the other hand Oliver Grtler, A rationale for the coexistence of central and de central markets in team sports is based on the basic infrastructure of the game and presents a thorough history of the game from the administrative perspective."
Given these facts, we can't assume that foreign influence is the only factor to consider as the German football league can draw parallel influences. However, it is well know that the Germans have been considerably more successful than their English counterparts throughout the years. This is the source of some discomfort for the discerning England fan, who considers the Germans (and Argentina, since Deigo Maraddona cheated with his "hand of god" goal in the 1996 World Cup) to be the team they usually like to