Children crossing borders to be united with their new families experienced a battery of stressful change upon their incorporation into a new society. Civil society lauds itself for extending its arms over children of third level countries adopted by their new foster families.
Are there any significant emotional and psychological changes experienced by these adoptees whose perceptions are forever altered in favor of a new set-up Are there views about inter-country adoption in the community that may be relevant to the development of the adopted in terms of acceptance Should inter-racial adoption be prohibited If not, should there be other remedies to minimize the problem that could be encountered in opposition to the difference of racial origin among the adoptee Can we assume that adoption of a child with a different racial origin from the adoptive parents ultimately helps the adopted achieve a better outlook in life based on the behavior of the society to assist him in the challenges of a totally heterogeneous world
Previous studies have sought answers in relation to adoption and its implication to family and society behavioral patterns. This study will identify the theoretical construction of an inter-racial adoptee into a society. The impact of the construction into the new society will be advocated through experiences and opinions shared and portrayed by the adoptee regarding their family set-up and how the society aided or neglected them in relation to their biological origin.
Adoption of Non-White Children in Britain by Raynor, Ethnic and Racial Identity in Adoption within the United Kingdom and O' Jill's Trans-racial Adoption in Britain dwells on similar aspects of this study. R Roy et al's "Self-Esteem and racial identity in trans-racial and in-racial adoptees" gives out a similar study with stunning results.
Review of Literature
Bagley and Gabor in Miall's research have identified the community as an important stakeholder in the adoption process. Their contribution to the psycho-social development of an adoptee holds an important factor that needed room for further study. Social support may serve as a buffering mechanism between stress and health for these individuals as stressed by Colburn and Eakin. This research utilizes the social constructionist theory to explore community views of adoption in general and the adopted children.
Social constructionists oppose to the idea that social problems arise or are constructed through social explanations about how these problems should be dealt (Best,1989). Adopted children through a study conducted by Fletcher in 1997 on adopted and non-adopted adults particularly on traits relating to psycho-social adjustment showed that overall non-adopted group manifested better adjustment than the adopted adults.
Brodzinsky's research identifies the notion that adoptees are more vulnerable to emotional, behavioral and academic problems compared to non-adopted children living with their biological parents.