According to Bariatric Surgery Guide (2007), bariatric surgery, from the Greek words weight and treatment, or weight loss surgery, is a type of procedure performed on people who are dangerously obese, for the purpose of losing weight. This kind of surgery involves different…
Not everybody can undergo bariatric, or weight loss surgery. The prospective patient needs to undergo physical examination to determine whether s/he can qualify for the procedure. One consideration is the person’s body mass index, or BMI. It is the standard way to define overweight, obesity, and morbid obesity. The BMI, according to Torpy (1986), is calculated based on a persons height and weight—weight in kilograms (2.2 pounds per kilogram) divided by the square of height in meters (39.37 inches per meter). The National Institutes of Health (NIH) requires a body mass index (BMI) greater than 40. This is the equivalent of being about 100 pounds overweight for men and 80 pounds overweight for women (Consumer Guide to Weight Loss Surgery (Bariatric Surgery), 2005).
Only when a person is found to be morbidly obese is bariatric surgery offered as recourse. If all else has failed ( including medical treatment), as well as lifestyle changes of healthy eating and regular exercise, then bariatric surgery is an option. However, if a person is not found to be morbidly obese, but s/he suffers from health-related illnesses such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol, bariatric surgery can be offered as an option. Otherwise, bariatric surgery will not be considered.
Age is another consideration. Adolescents can be considered for the procedure only when they have tried to lose weight for at least six month, but been unsuccessful. Just like the adult candidates, adolescents must be extremely obese, with BMI greater than 40. They must also have reached their adult height. It’s usually 13, or older, for girls; and 15, or older for boys, and have serious weight-related health problems, such as type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, heart disease, or significant functional or psychosocial impairment (Bariatric Surgery for Severe Obesity, 2009). Further, physical considerations are not enough for adolescent candidates. They, together with their parents, need ...
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The body weight of bariatric patient is usually higher than that of ordinary patients and, therefore, they cannot fit in the convectional stretchers, beds and wheel chairs. Previously, due to lack of specialized equipments to carry these patients, they could be carried on the floor of the ambulance and dragged down the corridors of the hospital.
Bariatric surgery is “an operation that is performed in order to help such individuals lose weight. Evidence suggests that bariatric surgery may lower death rates for patients with severe obesity, especially when coupled with healthy eating and lifestyle changes after surgery” which explains its growing popularity.
Diet, exercise and behavioral modifications are ideal but gaining weight even after that is quite common. In 1991 the NIH conference on gastrointestinal surgery for obesity recommended bariatric surgery as the only effective treatment for those with BMI >40 as well as those over 35 with significant comorbidities.5 Women of reproductive age account for 49% of patients undergoing bariatric surgery.
The author of this essay aims to analyze the health problems caused by obesity, factors the leads to it and how to prevent. The adult obesity rate in Europe is at least 20 percent. Low-income groups and countries are affected most from obesity. Obese people are vulnerable to multiple health problems.
What is bariatric surgery? Is it advisable for people who are suspected to be suffering from obesity or already diagnosed as an obese?
Majority of the human population are fond of cooking and eating. People eat for various reasons. The major
However, weight loss surgery being the most preferred alternative for people with severe obesity, it also presents other associated risks and complications that may not be experienced if alternative measure was administered to the patients. This paper
itle of the article addresses the risks involved in a Bariatric Surgery for Type 2 Diabetes, which relates to my study on Type2 Diabetes and Bariatric Surgery (Keidar, 2011). As such, the article and my study focus on the dynamics of Bariatric Surgery for Type 2 Diabetes.
Research has confirmed that type 2 diabetes can be reduced by the reduction of fat mass (Taylor, 2013). A surgical procedure that aims at reducing fat mass can help in the reversal of type 2 diabetes.
Modern lifestyles contribute a lot to obesity which accounts for the increasing prevalence of T2DM (Whitlock et al., 2013). What worsens the condition is its existence with a number of other conditions, some of which are by far more fatal than obesity such as heart disease, hypertension, stroke and some forms of cancer.
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