This paper will also outline how this technology supports that business area and the benefits they bring both to that business area and the organization as a whole.
Data can be defined as collection or gathering of unrefined facts representing events taking place in organizations or the physical environment prior to they have been structured and managed into a structure that people can identify and make use of it. In addition, data can contain text, numbers, images and videos. On the other hand, information is collection of data that have been changed into a structure that is important and functional to human beings (Shelly, Cashman, & Vermaat, 2005, p. 6; Norton, 2001, p. 4; Laudon & Laudon, 1999, p. 7). A system is a group of related elements that work together to carry out a job in order to achieve a goal. Any organization or business that makes use of information technology will have a computer-based information system encompassing software, hardware, data/information, actions, workers, and communications setups. These components work together to offer management with information for running the business (Hutchinson & Sawyer, 2000, p. 9.3).
(Shelly, Cashman, & Vermaat, 2005, p. 620), explains information system as a collection of hardware, software, data, workers, and methods that work in collaboration to turn out functional and valuable information”. An information system helps out in every day, short-range, temporary, and long range activities of users. Various examples of users consist of store clerks, sales representatives, accountants, and supervisors, managers of construction projects, executives, and customers (Shelly, Cashman, & Vermaat, 2005, p. 620). According to (Turban, Leidner, McLean, & Wetherbe, 2005, p. 18), an information system collects, processes, stores, evaluates, and distributes information for a particular function. Similar to any other system, an information system consists of inputs (such as instructions and data)