Thesis statement: An analysis of two pacts, i.e., The Pact of Umar, 7th Century and The Pact of Umar, 9th Century, to unearth the reasons behind Islamic conquest and conversion to faith.
Islam is a religion that cannot be separated from its military and political agenda, i.e., formation of Islamic world under Islamic rules. But in Europe, Islamic conquest was not easy because it resulted in a number of wars and bloodshed (Cappi 19). But in Syria and Palestine, Islamic conquest was an easy task. This proves that the spread of Islam in its initial stages was based upon its military power. Besides, militant nationalism and unending desire to spread Islam helped the Islamic rulers in the Middle East Asia to spread invade its neighboring nation states. So, it is utmost important to analyze the Pact of Umar, 7th Century and the Pact of Umar, 9th Century to unearth the scope of Islamic conquest, conversion to faith and the possible reasons for some of those conversions.
The Pact of Umar was an agreement of peace between Muslims and Christians during the reign of Caliph Umar in 7th Century. Besides, this pact was applicable to the Syrian Christians aiming to mold later interaction between Muslims and Christians. Generally saying, this pact exposes the condition of Non Muslim believers under a Muslim ruler. The rapid expansion of Muslim rule from the Middle East to its neighboring regions helped the Muslim rulers to exert influence on Non-Muslim population. But they exploited this condition to impose more restrictions on Non-Muslim population. For instance, the Pact of Umar makes clear that the Syrians who believed in Christianity were forced to follow the rules and regulations put forth by Caliph Umar I. The Pact proves that the Christian community in Syria was under the control of Caliph Umar I. The main points in the pact prove that the Christians were not allowed to build or repair churches or monasteries in Syria. Besides, they were