Protectionism however, imposes restrictions and conditions on traders which could be construed to be a violation of their free will. In proving this point, he states that no one person has the right to force another into a certain kind of behaviour, such as for example, buying American products. Viewed from a moral basis, protectionism is therefore not a valid perspective from a moral point of view.
Additionally, the author also supports the above claim by showing that protectionism is difficult to execute in practice. In a globalized world and especially with the availability of technology, American items are for example, being sold all over the world. He states that the American way is all about dreams and growth, so that any individual by working hard can achieve the American dream and rise above the barriers of caste, class and ethnicity to rise to the top. This would not be possible in a world where protectionism is the practice, because it would restrict the available options to traders.
The second claim the author makes is in reference to the practice of dumping. This occurs where there is price discrimination practiced in different national markets. It essentially means that foreign imports into a particular country after the levy of import duties, are sold below the prices at which the products are generally sold in the importing countries by other foreign suppliers or local suppliers who also sell the same product (Wilczynski, 1966). Dumping occurs when the products from one country are introduced into the economy of another country at a value which is less than the normal value of the products. As a result, the practice of dumping causes a substantial amount of damage to the industry of the country that is importing the products. The practice of dumping works out to be detrimental to both dumpers and those in the foreign country selling their products. This is because those who import the goods legitimately