However, the idea of Europe cannot be entirely appreciated without having the mentality of historical evolution of the Europe continent prior to the periods of World War II and by extension the recent integration process that has been realized in the United States of Europe.
By definition, stagnation in economic sense implies that there is a noticeable cease in motion, progress or generally activity. The progress as well as stagnation has been both customary and yet understandable stages in the expansion of the European Union and its antecedent, the European Communities (EC). European integration has had a kind of stop-and-go or an oscillating developmental pattern since the inception of the idea after the First World War (Louis Meuleman 2008; p. 401). Several factors have worked in a bid to understanding and shaping the composition and the future of the Union, for example issues like the adoption of a Constitution for the EU; the extension of EU membership to slot in ten new Member States; the ballot vote to the European Parliament; as well as the recommendation of a novel European Commission.
In the 70s there was huge realization of lack of advancing the idea of EU among the member states. Citizens of independent member states were duly considered the then obstacles to the strong establishment and expansion of the EU. For instance, citizens of nations like the Netherlands and France at one time are in record having voted for their countries to pull out of the EU, leaving the reform process. In this regard at least according to Cini, (2007, 442);
Citizens continue to disengage from the EU institutions, including what is ostensibly ‘their’ Parliament; the richer member states are seeking to reduce their contribution to the EU budget rather than increasing it to allow equitable treatment of the then new entrants in cohesion and agricultural aid.
In fact the EU integration crisis in 70s ...
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This is different from the concept of indirect effect which refers to the reliance on EU sources of law in the interpretation of national laws.2 Direct effect is also different from direct applicability as the latter refers to sources of international law that are directly applicable without the necessity of implementation into national law.3 Horizontal direct effect, or the “incidental effect” occurs when EU law has direct effect between private parties within the EU.4 The direct effect of EU primary law such as non-discrimination within the original treaty will have direct effect between private parties.5 Direct effect is referred to as the principle of effete utile and is designed to
Immigration and the challenges associated with socio-political integration in the European Union Introduction Large-scale immigration post WWII has influenced modern Europe in many ways. Owing to immigration, current observations have revealed significant variations in the lives of people living in the Europe, and based on these differences there have emerged various challenges within socio-political integration in the EU (Saggar, Somerville, Ford and Sobolewska, 2012).
United Kingdom is European states, other than this, the economies in European States are closely interlinked thus the legal matters arising are heavily intertwined and largely interlinked. Further, the legal issues involving these states are largely influenced by the EU Treaties and the Conventional Human Rights of Europe1.
According to the information made available by the Ministry of foreign affairs of the Poland Government, it embarked on its EU journey as far back as May 1990 when the then Polish Government had officially sought permission from the European Union to begin negotiations for its admission( Society).
There is quite an elongated roll of high historical characters, which, in pretty diverse ways, trailed an idea of integrated Europe. These personalities are Charlemagne, Napolen, Charles V, and Metternich. Incidentally, even the infamous and notorious personages as Adolf Hitler, did intend to deliver a wicked thought of one Europe.
Chabot stated that this revolution involves the solidification of a European market of goods and services, major structural changes in countries plagued by fiscal negligence, and the reorganization of monetary policy in some of the world’s most advanced industrialized economies. The “European Single Market” is “the world’s largest domestic market”.
sion of its Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA) negotiation with the European Commission will pave the way for eventual integration with he European Common market1. The tiny nation of just 620,000 has done so ahead of Serbia whose European ambitions have been stalled
he Common Agricultural Policy, Competition Policy, Science and Technology Policy, Regional Policy and Social Policy and their resultant outcomes are described briefly in the following sections.
The CAP of the European Union has undergone several significant reforms since the
The European Union has various activities including the most important of all – a common single market. This market consists of a common agricultural policy, common fisheries policy, customs union and single currency adopted by twelve of the twenty-five member states.
Globally, countries and continents are engaging in bilateral or multi-lateral trade partnerships for the benefit of its trading partners. The need for the formation of economic and trade unions is prompted by the fact that these countries have different forms of economic and resource endowments thereby creating relative and comparative trade advantages.
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