The importance of patient and family education is important in ensuring that the patient recovers in a friendly environment. Psychosocial issues that the patients have to endure include stigmatization from the general public as well as bouts of anxiety and depression. The paper also covers how patients should be referred to specialties when they discover that they have contacted chronic active hepatitis so as to get the best treatment.
Hepatitis is a kind of liver inflammation. This inflammation can be caused by toxins, viruses and auto-immune disorders. Chronic active hepatitis is a common form of chronic hepatitis that can persist to hepatic cirrhosis or primary liver cancer. Inflammation to the liver is normally caused by necrosis of hepatocytes due to lymphocyte infiltration and lymphatic portal reaction. It is one of the diseases that is hard to diagnose during its initial stages due to its lack of symptoms (Cohen, Doner & Gish, 2007). Some of the symptoms and signs that are likely to occur in the advanced stage include upper abdominal discomfort or pain, asthenia, anorexic tendencies, weight loss, itching and joint aches (Wrong Diagnosis, 2010). Clinical signs for this infection are: hepatomegaly, palmar erythema, spider nevi, enlarged, palpable spleen, fever, ecchymosis, cirrhosis, jaundice, liver failure and ascites (Hepatitis, 2010). Some parts of the body that might be affected by this illness include the thyroid gland, eyes, kidney, blood vessels, joints and lungs.
The primary risk factor for chronic active hepatitis is exposure to infected blood. This means that those individuals who use intravenous drugs are at a high risk of being infected with this disease according to Shetty and Wu (2009). Those people who practice high risk sexual-related activities are also among those at a high risk of infection. Health workers who normally deal with blood are the other group of people who are a risk of contacting chronic active hepatitis.