Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

The Pathophysiology and evidence-based practice of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - Research Paper Example

Only on StudentShare
Masters
Author : hterry
Research Paper
Nursing
Pages 7 (1757 words)

Summary

The normal fear response to threatening stimuli comprises several components, including defensive behaviors, autonomic reflexes, arousal and alertness, corticosteroid secretion and negative emotions. In anxiety states, these reactions occur in an anticipatory manner, independent…

Extract of sample
The Pathophysiology and evidence-based practice of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

ve disorder is an anxiety disorder, a compulsive ritualistic behavior driven by irrational anxiety such as fear of contamination, thereby repeated washing of hands and cleaning or articles is performed by the patient. The treatment of such disorders generally involves an amalgamation of psychological approaches as well as drug treatment (Katzang, 2009; Kaushik, 2011).
OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is characterized by repetitive anxiety- provoking thoughts (obsession) or repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing anxiety (compulsions). If such thoughts or actions are prevented or interrupted, the patient becomes anxious. It is chronic, prevalent as well as disabling condition that persists throughout life, hampers normal life of an individual and those who are associated with the OCD patient (Katzang, 2009; Kaushik, 2011).
The disease is a chronic condition and no absolute reason could be formulated till date. Noteworthy contribution of studies involving OCD highlight the perception of the phenomenology and pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) prevalent both in children as well as adults, affecting 1-3% of the population (Torres et al, 2006).
Epidemiological understanding about OCD suggests that OCD has emerged as the fourth most common mental disorder across the world irrespective of cultural differences. Considering the condition to be of paramount significance, World Health Organization (WHO, 2001) has graded OCD as one of the most debilitating disorders. An estimation carried out in 2000, enumerated OCD amongst the top 20 causes of illness related disability of individuals belonging to the age between 15 years and 44 years. In most of the cases, symptoms onset around the age of 10 years, prepuberty onset is observed in boys while in girls onset of symptoms usually occur during adolescence phase (Tukel et al, 2006).
OCD patient displays significant distress that results in impaired psychosocial performances. Obsessions are recurring, ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related Essays

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder According to the article entitled “Psychological Disorders,” mental disorders are defined as “health conditions that are characterized by alterations in thinking, mood, or behavior associated with distress and/or impaired functioning”(Green, 2003). There are a myriad of different psychological disorders including depression disorder, bipolar disorder, personality disorders, schizophrenia, and anxiety disorders (Green, 2003). Anxiety disorders are considered to be the most common form of mental illness within the United States as over 19 million Americans…
5 pages (1255 words)
Evidence based practice
DEFINITIONS AND BRIEF IMPORTANCE OF CLINICAL PRACTICE The term evidence-based practice (EBP) or empirically-supported treatment (EST) refers to preferential use of mental and behavioral health interventions for which systematic empirical research has provided evidence of statistically significant effectiveness as treatments for specific problems. (Thomas & Pring, 2005) A way in which this benefits medicine would be in studying the effects of cannabis. This drug has been found to share commonality with schizophrenia. Immunology research has found common receptors located in in immune cells,…
8 pages (2008 words)
Evidence Based Practice:
Evidence-Based Practice Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a development that can be utilised in nursing, psychology, social work, counseling, and public health, counselling, among other health service professions (Melnyk and Fineout-Overholt 2005). Evidence-based practice is a complicated process that uses study findings to ascertain the best methods according to research and then correlates the findings to create an body of knowledge that can be practically used. According to Sackett, evidence-based practice is descriptive of the judicious use of the best existing evidence to make decisions on…
8 pages (2008 words)
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
in-reuptake inhibitors on (OCD) are adequate to deduce that a serotonin regulatory disorder is the most vital piece of the pathophysiology of OCD (2011). However, patients with OCD will require a high dosage of serotonin-reuptake inhibitor monotherapy. This may sometimes not be ample, and about half of patients are resistant to the treatment. The author states that previous studies indicate positive treatment reaction to dopaminergic antagonists. He infers that other neurotransmitter structures, like dopamine, are implicated in the pathophysiology of OCD. Evidence from Preclinical,…
Evidence-Based Practice
The aspects of evidence-based practice in home care are interrelated, and all of them have the opportunity of affecting the clinical decision.…
1 pages (251 words)