HPV and Oropharyngeal Cancer in Men

HPV and Oropharyngeal Cancer in Men Research Paper example
Ph.D.
Research Paper
Nursing
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HPV and Oropharyngeal Cancer in men Introduction Human papillomavirus, commonly known as HPV, is a class of virus that infects humans in the skin membranes. Infections caused by the virus are particularly recessive and are rarely identified, through observations, due to lack of notable symptoms…

Introduction

Seppa (2011) explains that though the virus was previously believed to infect women and not men, observations, in history, have indicated high rates of infection among men. This means that while the infection was previously ‘non-existent’ in men, or otherwise previously not detected in men, cases of viral infections have increasingly been reported among men to an extent that men are now equally vulnerable to the viral infection as women are. Further research has also proved that varieties of types of the HPV virus are sexually transmitted and hence the infection in men that occurs during contacts in sexual interactions. As a result, the viral infection in men is not a recent emergence, but has either been existed in history without being noticed, or has taken some time to rise from a zero prevalence rate to its current prevalence rate that equals the rate among women. The history of the relationship between HPV and Oropharyngeal Cancer in men has also been significantly reported with an increasing trend in men bellow fifty years of age. Marur et al. explains that the cancer has particularly been increasing among the category of men in the past years (2010). The authors particularly relate the cancer to “human papillomavirus 16 infection” (p. 781). ...
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