Terrorism and the American Criminal Justice System Date Terrorism and the American Criminal Justice System Terrorism has become one of the world’s greatest threats to human security and peace. Whereas terrorism traces its roots to many decades ago, it became more prominent and hugely dominated the public discourse regarding peace and security after the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States (Ruby, 2002)…
FBI definition of terrorism has been one of the most used in understanding this concept; FBI defines terrorism as the unlawful use of violence or force against property or persons in an attempt to coerce or intimidate a civilian population, a government, or any sort of segment to further certain social or political objectives (White, 2012). In order to understand how the definition of terrorism is impacted upon public and societal perspective and how it changes over time, this paper will address several questions regarding the Irgun. Irgun, also referred to as The National Military Organization in the Land of Israel was a militant Zionist underground group that was actively mainly between 1931 and 1948 during the British control in Palestine (Bowyer, 1977). The group broke from the earlier Zionist paramilitary organization that was known as Haganah. The Irgun was founded on the policy of Revisionist Zionism that stated that each Jew had the right of entering Palestine and that only active retaliation could deter Arabs, and that Jewish armed force that is armed was the only one capable of ensuring the Jewish state (Pedahzur and Arie, 2009). Irgun committed assassination and terrorism acts against the British, whom it considered as illegal occupiers; also Irgun committed violence acts against the Arabs. After the state of Israel was created in the 1948, Irgun was disbanded and absorbed into the Israel Defense Forces (Eisenstadt, 1985). Irgun’s stated motivation and goal for their military actions was to establish a Jewish state on the either sides of the Jordan (Bowyer, 1977). This motivation and goal was informed by the Revisionist Zionism policy which Irgun was founded upon that stated that each Jew had the right of entering Palestine; only active retaliation which involves force and violence can deter the Arabs; and only armed force of the Jews would ensure the Jewish state. Apart from the King David Hotel acts by the Irgun, the group undertook other violent actions to achieve their goals. One of the other violent actions by Irgun included the “Sergeants Affair” in July, 1947 which involved hanging of the hostages (two British Sergeants) after the British had confirmed the death sentences for the Irgun members (Shlaim, 1995). The other violent action by the Irgun is what was referred as the “Acre Prison Break” where the Irgun undertook one of their largest operations of a prison in Acre; this raid allowed 41 of its members to escape from the prison. Another violent action of the Irgun was the bombing of the British Embassy located in Rome, on October 31, 1946, where close to half of the building was destroyed and at least 3 people injured (Bowyer, 1977). The violent actions of the Irgun mainly targeted the British officials and soldiers, as well as the Palestinian Arab civilians and fighter ...
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(“Terrorism Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
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(Terrorism Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Terrorism Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/other/10466-terrorism.
This assignment focuses on Khalid Sheikh Mohammed one of the masterminds of the 9/11 attacks and trials held in Military Tribunals and federal courts. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed was born on April 24, 1965 in Kuwait. He is the uncle of terrorism suspect Ramzi Yousef who was involved in the bombing of the World Trade Center in 1993.
Remarkably, it has been found that support for terrorism often depends on its type as well as the location on which it occurs. For instance, citizens of Morocco are known to significantly object to suicide bombings that occur in their place against their own civilians.
I think there is no great difference in whether, let’s say, ten people are killed by a maniac or by a terrorist. The only difference is in their reasoning – one kills for satisfying a mania, the other – in the name of an idea. The results, however, are the same – pain, fear and terror.
First of all, it is necessary to define the concept of terrorism. Halwani stated that “it is important to define ‘terrorism’ because it is necessary to properly address the moral issues surrounding it.”1 Terrorism is a constant companion of mankind, which is one of the most dangerous and hardly predictable modern phenomena, acquiring ever more diverse forms and rampant scales.
Terrorism began way back in the century of Judea, and it has changed in organization, financing and tactics throughout the years. For example, with the emergence of technology, terrorist groups in the twenty first century have greatly utilized this technology to make their demands.
Terrorism can never be condoned as a good act because it uses coercion to fulfill selfish political purposes. In this research paper we would attempt to make a study on the subject and find out whether such acts of terrorism can or cannot be justified and why or why not.
ate fear (terror), are perpetrated for a religious, political or, ideological goal; and deliberately target or disregard the safety of non-combatants (civilians). Some definitions now include acts of unlawful violence and war. The use of similar tactics by criminal organizations
Their reasoning has been framed to make them believe that terrorism is a justifiable technique of changing the way other people think or behave. Some of the reasons why individuals become involved in terrorism activities include lack of identity or belonging, insecurity