Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

assignment - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare
Author : shanahangordon

Summary

Moral Philosophies John Stuart Mill clearly expressed his moral theory in his book Utilitarianism written in 1861. In his book, Mill tried to rationalize the Utility Principle or the Greatest Happiness Principle as the basis for ethical standards…

Extract of sample
assignment

According to the principle, actions are right as long as they encourage happiness as a form of pleasure and they are wrong as long as they discourage happiness. The Greatest Happiness Principle articulates many ideas regarding happiness as pleasure and unhappiness as pain or lack of pleasure. Since this theory establishes that the only thing that is yearned for by an individual is happiness and pleasure, this view of life is often seen as having no greater purpose. This indicates that the only thing which one demands is pleasure thereby disregarding all higher yearnings. However, this notion implies that individuals have no other yearnings apart from pleasure. In reality, things that might satisfy the pleasure of one individual may not satisfy that of the other. Because of this some pleasures are more satisfying than others due to their intrinsically virtuous properties. Mills has describes two forms of pleasure – higher and lower – based on the characteristics of these pleasures (5-6). But what brings about the difference in characteristics? The difference in the quality, according to Mill, results from the preference of one pleasure over the other among people who are aware with the two pleasures (6). Hence, the chosen pleasure is superior to the other one because the preferred pleasure dominates the other one due to a higher quality. ...
Download paper

Related Essays

Philosophy assignment
The money provided to them was to suffice as their livelihood, and otherwise they were also provided with relief in kind, i.e, in terms of clothes and food. Indoor relief on the other hand was established so that the legislation took control of the plight of the poor and the old people. They were provided with shelter, clothing as well as hospital and medical facilities if they required them. The better approach thus for assisting the poor lies in indoor relief because a number of poor people are not able to gain access to shelter or food at all. Thus, the law must help them to attain food,…
10 pages (2510 words)
Sartre, existentialism Assignment
Most people have branded this creator by the name of God. Philosophers like Kant and Descartes have been able to give the example of an artisan that creates a paper knife or a paper cutter and designs it for a specific purpose, in order to meet a specific goal of cutting paper and have copied the same analogy for the purpose of a human being. Thus, God is the creator that has made individuals that roam the planet Earth and they come with a specific purpose of meeting their personal goals and objectives. However, there are atheist existentialists that believe that man ‘just is’. They do not…
5 pages (1255 words)
Personal Educational Philosophy
In the process of learning, it is important to realize that learning can take place either consciously or subconsciously. The effect of learning can be seen in the modification of behavior or the skills that one had possessed. Learning, whether conscious or subconscious can be said to be contextual. This means that one does not learn everything all at once. One builds on the knowledge that he had previously learnt, a. what one learns in different situations is also dependent on the knowledge that one already possesses. There are five main categories in which learning can be classified. These…
5 pages (1255 words)
The branches of philosophy
The branches of philosophy …
6 pages (1506 words)
Ethics Assignment
Running of tests on animals in the lab should not be allowed at all. This is because these animals have characteristics which are in most ways similar to those of human beings. An example of this is the ability to feel pain. Animals just like human beings can feel pain. Despite the fact that animals have a tough skin which prevents the pain, the results are the same. An animal feels the pain just as a human being feels it regardless of the intensity. Some people have argued that these animals should be used for tests mainly because they lack reasoning capacities therefore there is no harm.…
4 pages (1004 words)
assignment 2
Intuitively this can happen, but the evidence presented does not warrant that such would lead to the kind of seemingly dramatic downturn in the quality of the relationship between Lindsey and Malik, as described. The literature describes this fallacy as the Slippery slope fallacy which is a fallacy where the evidence to make a given conclusion is not sufficient. Here there may be an exaggeration of the consequences of Lindsey’s going to university over having a baby. After all, Lindsey can have a baby and go to university, and the choice does not preclude Lindsey having a baby after…
8 pages (2008 words)
assignment
Moreover, in such cases any sort of negative complications of pets relating to death or illness, may distorts the sentimental balance of the attached persons. At that moment, the written descriptions made by such emotionally hurt individuals often termed as lossography. People suffering from such pain and misery often tend towards expressing their emotions for loosening up the excessive level of mental stress to which they are subjected. In this respect, an individual presenting emotion in writing is an effective way of understanding psychological distress. Presenting emotional distress in…
1 pages (251 words)