StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Socrates and his trial - Research Paper Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Socrates and his trial

In addition, more knowledge about the teachings and life of Socrates are available through the memoirs of Xenophon (Aristophanes, Irvine and Plato 14). Historical records describe Socrates as an individual who neglected his personal affairs in order to spend much of his time discussing a number of concepts, which include piety, justice as well as virtue. He taught his fellow citizens at all places whenever they congregated around him to hear his teachings. These citizens usually gathered around him in order to seek wisdom about how to conduct them justly and right. They wanted this kind of knowledge in order to shape and guide the moral as well as the intellectual improvement of their community, Athens. Socrates used a powerful method in dialogue known as the Socratic Dialogue or Dialect in order to draw forth knowledge and understanding from his students. He did this through his pursuit of a series of questions posed at the students as well as examining the implications of the answers that they gave for the questions (Aristophanes, Reeve and Xenophon 45). Socrates valued morality so much that he equated virtue with the knowledge of the true self of an individual. He argued that nobody in his or her clear and pure mind committed a wrong act knowingly or intentionally. In addition, Socrates looked down upon the soul. He claimed that the soul was the seat of both moral character as well as waking consciousness. He also argued that the universe was purposively mind-ordered. As such, he gravely criticized the religious as well as the political institutions of the Athenians and the Sophists. These criticisms made him so many enemies that Aristophanes burlesqued his position in the society. As such, the authorities feeling offended by the criticisms from Socrates decided to fix him by putting him through trails and charging him for corrupting the people (Danzig 23). These enemies made true their threats and held Socrates accountable for the teachings he gave his followers about justice, virtue and morality within the society. In 399 B.C, Socrates faced trial with charges of corrupting the morals o the youth within Athenian, as well as facing accusations for religious heresies. Most people believe in the modern times that the arrest of Socrates stemmed primarily from the influence that he held over Critias as well as Alcibiades, who in an earlier perspective betrayed Athens in one way or another. He faced conviction from his charges without many pleas to argue out his innocence. He resisted all the attempts and efforts made to rescue or save his life from impending death. He got a death sentence, whereby he was to drink a cup of poisoned hemlock, and he did this willingly (Johnson). All these accounts of the life and trial of Socrates are only available through the stories made by Plato in the Phaedo, Crito and Apology. Consequently, the death of Socrates through drinking of poisonous hemlock marks one of the most famous usages of the poison in early history. Socrates, whom most philosophers, as well as, the Greek descendants consider him as the father of Greek philosophy, faced trial for impiety and corruption of the youths of Athens with his teachings and criticisms. He became a controversial figure in the city of Athens and as such created many enemies through the hatred that he aroused in many of the people he criticized their way of life or traditions, such as the religious factions and the political dispensations. He therefore created many ...Show more

Summary

Name Instructor Date Task Socrates and His Trial Socrates was a Greek philosopher who lived during the periods of 469 BC to 399 BC when he faced his death after facing a death sentence because of his actions. Socrates holds a record of being among the wisest people of all time who existed in the universe…
Author : garnet99
Socrates and his trial essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the research paper on your topic
"Socrates and his trial"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Research Confucius and Socrates
Confucius desired to restore the lost justice and harmony of Chinese society through his remarkable teachings throughout his lifetime. He continued his effort to establish harmony until his death at the age of 72 in 479. Socrates, the greatest of all Greek philosophers was born in a relatively poor family in Athens and spent his whole lifetime there.
2 pages (500 words) Research Paper
Socrates - The Greatest Philosopher Of All Time
His life and philosophical theories are mostly accounted by contemporary writers and his students. Socrates has been mainly portrayed in the works of Plato a contemporary philosopher and his student. Although the authenticity of his portrayal has been questioned at times, Socrates’ contribution to the philosophy has been acknowledged by all philosophers alike.
7 pages (1750 words) Research Paper
How does Socrates trial and punishment resemble those of Malcolm X Whose journey was more important or more significant
Plato’s Apology sheds light on the controversy surrounding Socrates’ life and death. Some authors believe that sentencing Socrates to death was at least unfair. Others are convinced that Socrates’ trial and punishment resemble those of Malcolm X. Really, both Socrates and Malcolm X were popular figures, using the masses as the source of inspiration and knowledge.
3 pages (750 words) Research Paper
A Juror at Socrates' Trial
Socrates defense was extracted from Plato’s Apology (Plato 23-30) Two major charges are advanced against Socrates. One is that he is an evildoer and an inquisitive person. He scrutinizes the underground and the firmaments. He convinces others that what is wrong is good and what is good is wrong.
6 pages (1500 words) Research Paper
Socrates
According to the viewpoint claimed by Plato with his dialogues in Protagoras, there exists an undeviating interrelation between moral truth and ordinary common sense. As can be observed from Protagoras’ acclamations, the personal values and beliefs of an individual regarding different aspect of virtue and morality are indistinctive.
5 pages (1250 words) Research Paper
Socrates Defense of Athenian Law and C.S. Lewis' critique of subjectivism
What are the most important reasons Socrates provides for this position in defense of Athenian law? If we accept Lewis’ critique of emotional subjectivism (Gaius and Titius’ position) in ‘Abolition of Man’ as sound, we cannot interpret Socrates’ actions as merely the result of his subjective feelings.
6 pages (1500 words) Research Paper
Research paper The Apology of Socrates
In this text, Plato records the defense Socrates presents during the trial for his life. Within the discussion, Socrates refers to himself several times as being the wisest man alive. He bases this claim on the words of the Oracle at Delphi which
5 pages (1250 words) Research Paper
Do you think that Crito is being a good friend to Socrates by trying to convince him to escapeThe focus on your reflection should be the nature of friendship.What does it mean to be a good friend
“Commentators have pointed out that in the Phaedo Crito shows little interest in the philosophical argument developed by Socrates but is instead concerned only with
1 pages (250 words) Research Paper
Why I feel Socrates is the greates philosopher of all time
Socrates has been mainly portrayed in the works of Plato a contemporary philosopher and his student. Although the authenticity of his portrayal has been questioned at times, Socrates’
7 pages (1750 words) Research Paper
How does Socrates trial and punishment resemble those of Malcolm X Whose journey was more important or more significant
Really, both Socrates and Malcolm X were popular figures, using the masses as the source of inspiration and knowledge. Both stood out of the crowd, sending the message of a profound mental and
3 pages (750 words) Research Paper
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation