Pages 5 (1255 words)
Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that holds that happiness is the only intrinsic good. It argues that the value of any human act is only determined by its contribution in the general usefulness, contentment, and pleasures of human beings. …
A number of critiques of utilitarianism arise. However, the strongest criticisms are those in the article of “Eleven Objections of Utilitarianism” by Sterling Harwood. Harwood’s eleven objections are that Utilitarianism is excessively demanding, it abolishes supererogation, it is unjust, it fails to take promises seriously enough. Average and total Utilitarianism reveals irrationalities, rule-Utilitarianism is disjointed, it obliges people to move in the knowledge machine, and it exaggerates people’s responsibilities to animals. It pander to chauvinist and sadists, it makes social contrasts of utility, it is also is very secretive among others.
Harwood applies his objections to the twelve accounts of Utilitarianism, which include aim, action, rule, standard, totality, self-indulgent, eudemonistic, wellbeing, preference-satisfaction, felt-satisfaction, unenthusiastic, and perfect utilitarianism. Therefore, as much Sterling finds several his objections compelling, this essay will select three of his objections and develop a rebuttal to them from the utilitarian perspective.
Objection of excessive demands
According to this objection, utilitarianism demands too much from human beings when argued from a real life situation. Harwood’s objects the utilitarianism opinion, which demands individuals to save the life of five strangers rather than that of their loved ones. This implies that people should give up nearly everything to assist those in need. For instance, one person should sacrifice his or her life for the sake of three or more people to survive. The person will make more people happy at the expense of his or her happiness; this may be applicable to cases of healthiness or wealth. ...