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Sterling Harwood’s Objections to Utilitarianism - Essay Example

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From this research it is clear that some of Harwood objections are illogical, and he concurs with the fact saying that it is because of the intuitive human behavior. But, some philosophers do not agree with his reasoning because some of his objections put utilitarianism against commonsense morals. …

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Sterling Harwood’s Objections to Utilitarianism

The intention of this study is utilitarianism as an ethical theory that holds that happiness is the only intrinsic good. It argues that the value of any human act is only determined by its contribution in the general usefulness, contentment, and pleasures of human beings. This implies that its aim is to appraise the ethical value of human action based on happiness. Whatsoever creates the greatest part contentment in many people is the ethical course of action. A number of critiques of utilitarianism arise. However, the strongest criticisms are those in the article of “Eleven Objections of Utilitarianism” by Sterling Harwood. Harwood’s eleven objections are that Utilitarianism is excessively demanding, it abolishes supererogation, it is unjust, it fails to take promises seriously enough. Average and total Utilitarianism reveals irrationalities, rule-Utilitarianism is disjointed, it obliges people to move in the knowledge machine, and it exaggerates people’s responsibilities to animals. It pander to chauvinist and sadists, it makes social contrasts of utility, it is also is very secretive among others. Harwood applies his objections to the twelve accounts of Utilitarianism, which include aim, action, rule, standard, totality, self-indulgent, eudemonistic, wellbeing, preference-satisfaction, felt-satisfaction, unenthusiastic, and perfect utilitarianism. Therefore, as much Sterling finds several his objections compelling, this essay will select three of his objections and develop a rebuttal to them from the utilitarian perspective. ...
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