Name Instructor Course Date Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Nicomachean is the name given to Aristotle’s work on ethics. This work defines Aristotelian ethics and it consists of ten books that were originally scrolls. The content is based on the notes from his lectures in Lyceum…
His philosophy is connected to practical work, politics which also intends at people becoming good. He explains how virtue of character results from habit. Aristotle suggests that the correct approach to study controversial issues such as politics and ethics which entails discussing what is true about what is just or beautiful is to start is mostly agreed as true by people who have had good upbringing, exposure, and experience in life and to work from there to higher understanding (Aristotle 19). Aristotle strongly suggests the highest goods for any human and the highest objective and intention of human practical thinking is happiness and well being. He also argues that happiness gets well understood as dynamic and stable ongoing and a way of being in action and it’s specifically appropriate for the human. He suggests that the best virtue and the most complete one is the happiest one. According to him, an excellent person is one who is good at living life and the one knows how to live well and beautifully. Aristotle also asserts that virtue for humans must involve reason in speech and thought as it is the most important aspect of human nature and living. Aristotle discusses what ethics is and how it helps to improve human life. Aristotelian ethics explains what makes virtuous character to be possible which in turn forms the main basis for happiness in human life. He describes the various steps necessary in order to achieve happiness. He suggests that righteous actions done with the guide of right teachers’ leads to the creation of the right habits (Aristotle 37). This in turn develops a good stable character and behavior wherein the habits voluntarily lead to the achievement of well being and happiness. Concurrently he does not equate character with habit. He says character is like knowledge or health meaning it’s a kind of stable disposition which should be maintained and pursued with some effort hence they are determined by the individual. On the other hand, good habits are considered as a precondition and basis for good character. In his philosophy, Aristotle argues that ethics ensures accuracy and it can become observed in an objective way. He points out that things which are beautiful and just must involve great inconsistency and disagreement and as a result they get thought to belong to convention and not nature. Because of this he explains that it is vital not to demand a lot of precision in a similar manner as to how a mathematician gets demanded to carry out demonstrations. But it is important to identify what is beautiful and just as he says people are good judges of what they become acquainted with. He discusses what all good things in nature have in common (Aristotle 52). According to him good things don’t seem to have same name and nature by chance and this explains why different humans have different ways of getting happiness. In his philosophy, Aristotle emphasizes that there is only one highest aim of happiness and it should be similar to that held by politics because what is nice for an individual is less divine and beautiful compared to what is good for a group of people. According to him the objective of political capacity should include the aims of all the pursuits so that the outcome is human good. Aristotle's ethical theory significantly reflected his metaphysics. Unlike Plato, he proclaims that that the virtue or goodness of a thing lies in the identity of its particular nature. The highest good in humans is the habitual and ...
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Examples of moral virtues are humility, truthfulness, moderation, and generosity. On the other hand, intellectual virtues are those personality traits that are required for correct thinking and desired action. He classified intellectual virtues as productive such as craft knowledge, theoretical such as wisdom and mind and lastly practical such as practical prudence.
Friendship is the union of two or more person in mutual affection, love, care and remembrance of each other. The notion of friendship is deeply imbedded inside Greek and ancient philosophy and from time to time different philosophers have explored the dynamics of friendship in different manner (Eterovich, p23).
Plato’s criticism of democracy is of the direct and unchecked democracy of Ancient Athens (557a-564a). Plato fears that democracy leads to an excess of freedom, which refers to the carefree state of doing whatever one likes. This kind of conception undermines the authority and purpose of the state, which is to limit the freedom of individuals with respect to what they can and cannot do.
In fact, Aristotle makes an essential distinction between moral virtues and intellectual virtues in Book II and the former refers to virtues learned through habit and practice while the latter refers to virtues learned through instruction. Therefore, it is essential to realize that the Book VI of The Nicomachean Ethics builds up on the arguments that were put forward in previous discussions and brings out the various aspects of intellectual virtue.
In his ethics, Aristotle follows Plato and Socrates in emphasizing the importance of virtues in human life. Just like Plato, Aristotle accepts ethical virtues such as courage, justice, and temperance as intricate rational, social, and emotional skills. However, he opposes Plato’s notion that training in metaphysics and sciences is necessary condition for full comprehension or understanding of human good.
Such, having the right quantity, including moral qualities, is to be desired and this can only be acquired through temperance. Temperance in everything should be exercised because this is wise and anything that is deficient and excessive should be avoided for this destroys temperance and the preservation of the mean.
The central notion in Aristotle's ethics is the good life. Everything that people do, and everything that happens to them, is of ethical significance, as Aristotle conceives of ethics, insofar as it helps or hinders or is part of the good life. An act or occurrence may matter ethically even if it is involuntary; it will not then deserve praise or blame, but it may affect the value of life.
Second base and corrupt people feel that others are just as base and corrupt as themselves. Finally, base and corrupt people think harmful ways are normal. All of these reasons are the basis of Aristotle’s thoughts.
A person feels emotions primarily within themselves. If
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