StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu
  • Home
  • Subjects
  • Philosophy
  • Answer the two thought experiments 'the direction of happiness' and 'the experience machine'. Based on your answers to the thoug

Answer the two thought experiments 'the direction of happiness' and 'the experience machine'. Based on your answers to the thoug - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Answer the two thought experiments 'the direction of happiness' and 'the experience machine'. Based on your answers to the thoug

In his argument against hedonism, philosopher Robert Nozick used the thought experiments based on “the direction of happiness” and “the experience machine” as he attempted to answer this question. The notion of hedonism, which is manifested by the belief that pleasure should be the ultimate purpose of life, disregards the provisions of a meaningful life. By showing that there are more values to life than happiness, this paper will answer the two thought experiments and discuss what happiness is and whether a happy life is the same thing as a meaningful life. Nozick uses the model of a machine capable of giving people the experience of whatever their desires and pleasures are, which cannot be distinguished from those that can be experienced apart from such machines. People would have a choice to live inside the machine and experience all their pleasures or outside in a lower degree of pleasure. Under such circumstances, where hedonism would opine that the sole intrinsic value is pleasure, most people would choose to remain plugged in to the experience machine. That would show a preference of a more pleasant but less meaningful life than a less pleasant and more meaningful one. However, according to the concept of direction of happiness, the amount of happiness in different lives is exactly the same, only that one tends to slope upwards with increasing happiness while the other slopes downwards with declining happiness. Mistakenly, people would still choose the life with happiness that slopes upwards. It is a mistaken choice because people still care and are concerned about their connection with reality, and it is the factor that the experience machine lacks. People still want their experiences to develop from reality rather than fantasy even if both feel the same. From this, it can be said that what people ultimately seek in life are not merely feelings of pleasure, but also to be in a particular way. Feelings of happiness and pleasure are desirable but not enough. People would want to go beyond the simple experience of doing things and actually do them. Therefore, there are more values than happiness and experiences of doing things. The experiences of the experience machine only limit people to their own man-made realities that are constructed within the confines of their perceived important values. Although the experiences of reality may be simulated by the experience machine, no contact is made with deeper and meaningful reality. When one envisages an experience machine and then appreciate that they would not use it, they learn that there are other things that matter more than experiences. The definition of happiness provides that it must contain meaning, pleasure and engagement. The part of meaning is in reference to the contribution to a broader cause while pleasure comprises the part of feeling good. Although a happy life and meaningful life have overlapping aspects, they are fundamentally distinct and a happy life is not necessarily a meaningful one. Happiness may occur as either or both emotional and mental well-being that is characterized by pleasant and positive feelings, which have different meanings to different people because it is quite a subjective matter. It can be a spontaneous feeling caused by positive emotions and last for a moment, as well as a continuous one. The overlap between a happy and meaningful life is mainly manifested by the fact that meaningfulness is among the causal factors ...Show more

Summary

Name: Instructor: Course: Date: The Direction of Happiness and the Experience Machine There is a general consensus among most philosophers that the only wholly valued thing for its own intrinsic good is happiness. All other things that people perceive to be good are so-called because of their connection to happiness…
Author : ashlynnmcdermot
Answer the two thought experiments the direction of happiness and the experience machine. Based on your answers to the thoug essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Answer the two thought experiments 'the direction of happiness' and 'the experience machine'. Based on your answers to the thoug"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

A reflective report based upon the considerations of career direction
Moreover, a dynamic career plan also demonstrates what sort of training would be required by the people in accordance with their chosen career (Mapping Your Future, Inc., 2013). It has been apparently observed that career planning is an ongoing procedure, which involves the aspects like knowing oneself, making effective decisions and adopting relevant actions.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
How effective is trade in promoting development you may wish to refer to the experience of ONE or TWO countries in your answer
In this way buying and selling can be separated and earning can be counted. This all promoted trade especially because of the invention of paper money and non physical money. When trade is taking place between two people it is called 'bilateral' trade and if it's between more then two traders it is known as 'multilateral' trade.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Answer 3 outt of the 4 political ideologies questions with answers which are concise and well thought out. The length is 1 1/2 pages for each
The emphasis is being placed on the market economies to be doing and working as invisible hand to facilitate the social phenomenon in the society. On the similar count, conservatism also believes that the
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Answer the two questions
When Hamilton argues for the judicial independence, he states that the judiciary has no power over the sword or the purse. In other words, judiciary is the weakest branch of government. He indicates that the judiciary does not
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Answers the two Questions
Here we will discuss why United States declared war on Germany. United States declared war on Germany after submarine attacks began on US ships that were carrying food and supplies to Britain. US government also intercepted a telegram by
2 pages (500 words) Essay
In what circumstances, if any, is voluntary euthanasia morally permissible Refer to the arguments of Rachels, Callahan and Lachs in your answer. Should voluntary euthanasia be legalised If your answers to the two questions are different, explain why
For instance, living can be worse than dying if a person is suffering from an irreversible comma or incurable painful disease. In voluntary euthanasia, the patient expresses this choice and passes on the death action when faced by a situation
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
In the middle ages, it is clear that religious thought and philosophy were totaly intertwined. Why do you suppose this was Explain your answer (In two paragraph)
Hence, between the eras that marked the decline of the Roman Empire and the beginning of the Renaissance, religion found itself struggling from keeping the sacred identity established through the former grounds which occurred to have strengthened Europe
1 pages (250 words) Essay
The happiness
Others define happiness from the cognitive perspective. This paper will briefly highlight how many people in society define happiness. It will also consider the difference perception of men and women to
1 pages (250 words) Essay
A reflective report based upon the considerations of career direction
It has been apparently observed that career planning is an ongoing procedure, which involves the aspects like knowing oneself, making effective decisions and adopting relevant actions. It is worth mentioning that a better career plan might support individuals in
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Detailed anaylsis of the main texts of these three thought systems based on personal experience and knowing
This offers a chance to explore the ideas of Lao Tzu, Confucius and the Buddha and their most important teachings. The three philosophical schools were never clear about their heritages and boundaries, but are diverse and sprang from a unified tradition of
13 pages (3250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation