Investigating the validity of this point then moves into reliance on both the morality which Kant sees as true as well as how other circumstances would change the decisions made by an individual. Kant’s Theory of Rational Morality The main principle which Kant has created is based on the ideology that each individual should be treated with equal respect. The ethical consideration is based on a sense of reason that each individual should have. Kant states that reason is what requires one to act in a humanitarian way, specifically which requires looking at circumstances instead of the end means in a given situation. The ideology is to use morality with the understanding that humanity is the most important aspect of practicing morals, whereas, the individual beliefs and life of an individual is not as important as the whole. More important, Kant’s belief sates that when one is able to create equal respect toward individuals, then there is the ability of building a formula which stops the disrespect and other forms of unethical values which are often created (Hill, 1980: p. 84). The idea of respect is one that is then further defined with the concept of morality, value and what the end result will be if these ideologies are withheld in any given situation. The theory behind this is based on altering the foundational principles for justice and humanitarian acts toward others in society. The concept which Kant creates is one which he leaves as a basis of being logical in terms of creating responses within the way in which an individual treats another. The requirement which Kant states is one based on three approaches which are linked to the logic of this discussion. The first is based on the preservation of rational will, which states that each individual should have the capacity to decide and rationalize how to treat another individual. The second principle is respect for human dignity and integrity. Even if there is a situation in which one is unable to justify the end result, the ability to keep integrity and dignity as a main association becomes more important. The third which Kant states is based on the end which eventually takes place. When applying reason to a given situation, it is known that each individual has the capacity to overcome the situation. If justice and forms of overcoming a specific situation remain intact, then the means eventually justify the ends with the right end decisions being made (Green, 2001: p. 247). From several perspectives, the ideologies of Kant are able to show logical solutions to given circumstances and environmental needs. For instance, in the ethics of business, there is the ability to apply this specific concept to change the circumstances of a situation. When a manager or leader is able to use reason and actions based on humanitarian ideologies then it helps to offer better advancement within the company. This attribute is often referred to as a form of transformational leadership. When the right and reasonable decision is made with the manager, than others will begin to transform and follow the same approach and perspective. This creates a sense of attraction to doing the right action in any given circumstance while building a sense of moral principles that are followed by others within a given environment
Defining Reason and Morality in Kant Introduction The concepts of Kant are based on defining morality and the ethical considerations which one should take before making a decision in any situation. The main attributes of Kant are based on the ideology that humanity should be treated in a specific way when making decisions or reacting to a specific situation…
To shed light on the metaphysics of Morals, it is first important to study the context of the work. In this regard, Immanuel Kant and his background need to be discussed to locate the study within a framework. Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher of the eighteenth century and his works mostly focus on philosophy and anthropology, with Metaphysics of Morals being one of his most dominant works.
Kant’s “Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals” is an attempt in this direction while Hume’s “An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals” justifies his views. Both pieces of work are contrasted below. Kant’s concepts are discussed first followed by Hume’s concepts.
Morality is one of the main philosophical issues that Immanuel Kant covered in his extensive coverage of various philosophical subjects. In his work ‘The Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals’, Kant asserts that only certain features make something or someone to be considered right or moral.
Kant, for instance, would urge that the consequences of our actions go in hand with our moral qualities and actions. Consequently, as a function of approaching the issue from perspective, it is hoped the overall suitability of Kantian morality will be expounded.
Crimes can arise from that which is considered a mean character as opposed to other crimes that arise from a violent character. Punishment is very distinct from that of natural punishment; punishment of the self is thought of as natural and not guided or regulated by legislators.
Kant's reasons for rejecting theoretical proofs of the existence of God have received considerable attention. For throughout his pre-critical period, but especially in his The Only Possible Argument in Support of a Demonstration of the Existence of God, Kant believes that there is a theoretical proof of the existence of God.
Yet beneath the surface lies an eloquent approach to philosophy and morality. Whether being praised or criticized, he has been called the "finisher and conqueror of Illumination" (Paulsen et al. 1902 p.13).
Kant was also able to plot a course of philosophy toward rationalism and away from empiricism. Kant relied on reason and was able to demonstrate that experience and sensation could not account for nature or our actions. Kant remained sympathetic to empiricism and suggested the duality of reason and knowledge as two separate spheres of endeavor.
The author examines two perspectives of rational thinking: the Kantian rational thinking and the Utilitarian approach. He states that many of the principal decisions are of a moral nature. Morality is essential not only for the individual but also for society, because its very existence depends on the morality of its members.
The author states that most important to morality, according to Kant is a good will that makes people to automatically do their duty. Kant’s philosophy on morality was based on what he referred to as the “Categorical Imperative” (CI), which bases morality on a standard of rationality. In other words, to violate the CI is tantamount to immorality.
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