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Kant and Hume on Morality - Essay Example
Pages 5 (1255 words)
Kant and Hume on Morality Kant and Hume are both considered great philosophers. However, their points of view differ on most things. Morality is one such issue too. Kant subscribes to reason as the prime cause behind morality while Hume insists on emotion being the reason behind morality…
Later on these views are critically analysed to establish which point of view is better. Kant Kant argues for an a priori basis for morality in his work. The central concept is the “categorical imperative”. The author sees morality springing from nothing other than pure reason. This contradicts Hume directly who held that reason could never be ground to justify morality. However, Kant states that people’s personhood and dignity should always be respected. People can be treated as both a means and an end simultaneously but not merely as means. Lying has been used as an example by Kant to justify his notion. He considers lying to be immoral under any circumstances and for any purpose at all. Actions must be universal according to Kant. Moreover, morality cannot be treated as an issue of mere preference or taste. Kant has utilised maxims to establish the a priori basis for morality. Volition is wanted that is a rule that is followed by an intentional act. He argues that any moral actions must fall into one of the five categories that constitute the categorical imperative. ...
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