Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Discussion Paper on Utilitarian Theory and Duty Oriented Theory - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare
Author : franktreutel


The ethical doctrine of utilitarianism hinges on the notion that the greater total good should be the consequence of our actions regardless of the route taken to achieve it. It is one of the strongest consequentialist theories. One of the key contributors to this theory was John Stuart Mill…

Extract of sample
Discussion Paper on Utilitarian Theory and Duty Oriented Theory

This rule is applied directly to a selection of particular actions under particular events (Mill). This implies that there are no fixed principles that can be established before the occurrence of any specific event, and that the particular action that works for the greater benefit of society should be the preferred method. Hence the judgment on what constitutes the ‘greater good’ is of extreme importance when following act utilitarianism. There can be counter arguments to the aforementioned notion because, while the majority’s verdict may satisfy everyone in the short run, it may have negative implications for everyone in the long run. This raises concerns over the guaranteed presence of someone shrewd enough to judge what constitutes the greater good of the society. Rule Utilitarianism:- Rule utilitarianism states that it is our duty to abide by rules designed for the greater total good and produce consequences better than those produced by any other rules. This doctrine is applied to a selection of a set of rules which are then used to determine what to do in particular situations. The primary argument of rule utilitarianism is that there should be pre established rules that define what constitutes the greater good. ...
Download paper

Related Essays

Marx's historical theory
This paper illustrates that in the groundbreaking book, The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels begin with the assertion that class struggles are integral in defining the existing society. This forms the basis of understanding Marx’s concept of history. According to Marx, the outline of history has two dimensions of linear chain events: a consistent progress in class division, created and overthrown in subsequent order, until it reaches a utopian endpoint, or communism. In the book, Marx argues that the history of humans occurs in a teleological order, unfolding to a distinct…
12 pages (3012 words)
Theory Analysis - Watson's Theory of Human Care
History The Watson’s Theory of Human Care had started taking its form through the evolution of philosophies of Dr. Jean Watson. In 1979 she gave the concept of 10 carative factors of nursing. Since then her theories have undergone several changes, though the salient framework of the theories have remained consistent. The factors mentioned above were based on philosophy, science and the art of caring. Later the concept developed into the idea of clinical caritas meaning the cherishing and appreciating the job and mixed love with the idea of nursing. The concepts were reviewed by the author…
4 pages (1004 words)
Ethical Theory Essay
This paper will be based on normative ethics theory. Normative theories seek to answer moral questions concerning what is right and wrong. Examples of normative theories include: virtue ethics, Kantian ethics, and utilitarian ethics among others. Examples of virtues are: confidentiality, autonomy, equality, veracity, beneficence, finality, tolerance, and respect for persons, among others. I will place a greater emphasis on virtue theory. Virtue theories have less emphasis on the rules and regulations that people should follow and mostly focus on helping individuals develop good character…
3 pages (753 words)
Kant's Theory
In order to act rationally, one must be guided by a supreme law of morality which determines right or wrong in our moral duties. Kant referred to the rule as the Categorical Imperative, which means a command with no other option or alternative. Morality is based on this rule since it is a command that applies to every human being. He says that people should be treated as an end, and not as a means. A prohibited action should not be done even if the outcome of the action yields more happiness or satisfaction (Johnson). On the other hand, utilitarianism theories suggest that there is no rule…
6 pages (1506 words)
Searle's Theory
This action occurs in a perfect manner such that the people outside the room begin to believe that actually the person understands Chinese. The same experiment is performed by a computer that applies syntax program to manipulate Chinese Language despite the fact that the computer may not comprehend the language. The Theory in regard to Syntax Manipulation To begin with, Searle does not show anywhere in his theory that Syntax manipulation does not involve any form of thinking nor does he suggest anywhere that Syntax manipulation entails thinking. However, a clear conclusion that can be derived…
3 pages (753 words)
Organizational Theory
These standards have arisen without sound testing of whether these standards are, in fact, objective measures of quality (Eichler 1988). Wilson's views are in part countered by Stephen Linstead who while acknowledging the quality of Wilson's work argues that it does a disservice to the main thinkers who laid the theoretical groundwork of the modern O.T. This paper will raise the arguments of these two views and attempt to evaluate them on their respective merits .…
4 pages (1004 words)
Kantian Moral Theory
In order to achieve the above task the paper has been divided in four parts. Firstly it is important to identify the methods of justification used by Kant in Groundwork of Metaphysics of Moral. A general overview is also made regarding the value of Kant's work for the researchers in the area of moral philosophy. From that the second part of this essay refers to the theories of justification used by other philosophers, namely Rawls and Hare. This essay would argue that although many of Kant's concepts are used, the extent to which they served as models of theory justification is rather some…
20 pages (5020 words)