Plato - Apology Question One The term form refers to an abstract quality or property. To contemplate about an object, one needs to take any property of a given object, and separate it from the object (consider it as a different entity from the object)…
Therefore, the form is not a mere idea of roundness in the mind. It exists independently from the basketball and individual thinking of it. It then follows that all round objects, including basketball, copy or participates in this form of roundness. To enhance our understanding of the difference between the properties of forms and those of material objects, there is need to examine the first two properties of forms. Forms are transcendent, that is, they do not exist in time and space. However, a material object, like a basketball, exists in time and space. The roundness of a form does not exist at any particular time or place, thus forms subsist in different ways. This is important as it explains the unchanging property of forms. The roundness property of a basketball will never change: it remains the same at all places and times of instantiation. The form of roundness in present in many spatial locations, and the property or roundness would remain even after the destruction of all round objects (192). The second property of forms is purity. Any material object, like a basketball, has various properties: elasticity, roundness, and others, which combine to make the individual basketball. A form is one of the many properties, existing individually apart from time and space. Roundness is purely roundness, without any mixture of properties. The differentiation factors between forms and material objects are pure and transcendent properties, as materials incorporate complex conglomeration of properties in time and space. According to Plato’s principle, humans believe that the reality of a thing dependents on its objectivity. This is because humans tend to distinguish reality and appearance. However, forms are more objective than material objectives, thus forms are more real than the material objects. One of the properties of the soul is eternity. Drawing from the unchanging property of forms, then it means that the soul never dies, nor does it ever begin. It then follows that the soul is immortal, and thus exists before and after the “birth” of the body. Question Two In the Apology, there are four charges against Socrates. First, Socrates faces accusation for studying things in the heavens and below the earth. Second, he tends to make the worst arguments into better arguments, thus persuading others to follow him and his beliefs. Third, he is guilty of corrupting young people, and fourth, he does not believe in the gods of the city. The charge against studying matters of the skies and the ground below contradicts Socrates position as an atheist. Matters of heavens and beneath the earth primarily focus on religious belief of individuals and the gods, thus countering Socrates’ position as an atheist. The basic definition of atheism is the lack of belief in deities. It thus follows that the first charge against Socrates contradicts his position as an atheist. The charge that Socrates turns the worst arguments into stronger arguments identifies him with the Sophists. Sophists were a group of people with techniques of persuasion that enabled them to influence people to adopt their beliefs and points of view, despite their ignorance on the subject matter of the topic. Athenians accused Socrates of being a Sophist. The charges against corrupting the youth came from Meletus. According to him, Socrates was responsible for corrupting the minds of the youth in Athens. ...
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(Plato - Apology (Five Dialogues) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Plato - Apology (Five Dialogues) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/philosophy/62886-plato-apology-five-dialogues.
An “Apology” is a speech that Socrates gave during his trial and after being condemned. History knows of two “Apologies”: one is of Plato, and the other one is of Xenophon. Both men were disciples of Socrates, so it is possible that their accounts are bit biased in a way that they would want to defend their teacher.
The four charges are as follows:
1) “Socrates speculated about the heaven above, and searched into the earth below” (Apology, 2). Socrates response: “I have nothing to do with these studies” (Apology, 3). Socrates explains that there is a play by Aristophanes wherein a character named “Socrates” talks about his powers of philosophy, including that he can “walk in the air” (3).
Through this text, Plato exhibits the ultimate significance of Socrates as a teacher by whom he was able to unravel the perils of human psyche and politics which had been evident in Socrates’ mock trial by the jury to which the irony of his apologetic articulation was dedicated (T&G West, 16).
When at last, in 403 BCE, the democracy was reestablished, there was instituted a campaign of retribution against those perceived as having been allied with the Thirty. In their efforts to net the Thirty and their associates, these newly-restored democrats caught Socrates.
Plato’s Apology and Aeschylus’ Eumenides both present the transition from an old order to a new one and, in different ways, embody the human condition of duality. Whereas in the Apology Socrates pleads his case by asking questions that probe the deeper recesses of the mind, Aeschylus presents us with characters who engage in spirited debate and accusation.
Euthyphro goes to court to implicate his father in a murder case whereas Socrates is there because he is accused of corrupting the young generation by his impiety. The interrogative dialogues raise three pertinent views
ans had been deceived by the false teachers in their childhood, when they were most perceptive (like the prisoners in the cave); he even uses the word “shadows” for this and affirms that death is better than such a life. In Crito, Socrates is accused of leading the Athenians
onalism, I will provide a definition of classical foundationalism whilst explaining the kinds of basic beliefs that classical foundationalist thinks is improper. In addition, I will provide a discussion on why Clark and Plantinga believe that the classical foundationalist must
The state advised Secretes to go out on exile, stop his cont6roversial public teachings, or be executed by the state. Socrates could not forsake philosophy to please the government and therefore chose to die. Plato, one of
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