In a nutshell, emergency involves making preparations before an event. Emergency planning also aims at creating preparedness (Perry 7). It has an influence on response and recovery. Emergency plans guide operational decisions during the management of agent-generated and response-generated demands (Phelan, 2008). On the other hand, emergency operations majorly focus on performance (Phelan 16). Such operations require the use of a set of guidelines presented in terms of a plan. Every decision made during an emergency operation should be based on the guidelines outlined in the plan guide. The success of emergency operations depends on the availability of resources for use and frequent assessment of demands by responders as needs arise. Responders must be alert in order to identify any arising demands and should be creative when addressing such demands. The success of emergency operations also relies on the use of pre-event lists checklists. However, such checklists do not guarantee maximum success. Personnel must improvise them in order to achieve higher accomplishments. Actions taken by response personnel and emergency managers are what constitute an emergency operation. 2. Planning Process It is noted with concern that the emergency planning process is more important than the emergency plan itself. Emergency planning ensures that communities achieve disaster preparedness. As a process planning involves consultation, training, equipping, and critiques (Perry 28). The end result of such a process is an improvement in the ability of a community to handle risks. A significant number of individuals think that written plans are used in defining preparedness. I agree with such a line of thinking but the same people should be careful not to equate a plan with preparedness. The process is more important than the plan because it is practical. The plan is only but a picture presentation of the planning process at a specific time and does not guarantee the presence of a hazard. On the other hand, the process of emergency planning involves practical steps such as ongoing monitoring, personnel training, and system exercising hence providing a definition for preparedness. It is important that organizations and jurisdictions adopt a continuous planning process because preparedness is dynamic in nature. Such a process should include continual monitoring of the environment so as to identify threats and discover new technology that can be used in handling such threats. Resources, threats, and even organizational structure may change over time. Moreover, lack of continuous training may result in the disappearing of performance skills. Such eventualities can only be addressed by ensuring that organization and jurisdictions establish a continuous emergency planning process. Despite the usefulness of the emergency planning process, the process may face some resistance. One main reason for such resistance is apathy. Apathy arises when individuals do not like to think about disasters (Phelan 22). Therefore, they develop the idea that emergency planning takes resources hence they end up not supporting the process of emergency planning. 3. Preparedness Exercises Organizations and j
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Name Professor Course Date Locke (Second Treatise of Government, and Machiavelli) 1. Goals & Differences: Planning vs. Operations Emergency planning and emergency operations are two different concepts and as such one should not be confused for the other. Emergency planning involves the development of training module content, identification of resources, and the acquisition of such resources…
John Locke’s Natural Rights in The Second Treatise of Government In The Second Treatise of Government, by John Locke (1679-1682), Locke presents his views on the natural rights of man. These rights encompass one’s rights to one’s body/person, right of survival or preservation, the right to property, the right to labour, the right to freedom, the right to punishment, the right to society and the right to self-defence in war.
As such, a natural right exists for individuals even when no other right exists, and is exchanged with legal rights for the protection of one’s property and material interests. Locke advocates civil liberties and their sustenance. In the first regard he maintains that natural rights are omnipotent and all human beings are expected to be conversant with them which paves way for their respect amongst individuals.
Machiavelli is one of the most visionary thinkers in the history of Western thought. Like any visionary, he made his mark on history by running counter to prevailing thoughts and attitudes, by being willing to say what he thought even at the risk of unpopularity.
He always believed in the notion that a leader should be able to do anything in order to protect state protocol. This is inclusive of corruption and other forms of injustices as long as his kingdom remains controlled effectively. He also argues that injustices shaped the perception of people towards respect of authority.
He was brought up in a period of crisis in England and, therefore, experienced political struggles for power and the revolution in England. Being attracted to politics he put forward a political theory concerned with the concept of true sovereignty in his second treatise of government, communicating to the society and mankind over their capability to institute a government, and even created a civil society by their will and consent.
The writing is dedicated and addressed to Lorenzo de’ Medici, an Italian statesman of the time. Machiavelli was known for a pragmatism-based cynical worldview that is expressed bluntly through his writings. And the points of view of the book The Prince were no exception to his general way of looking at things.
One of the greatest original thinkers, brilliant perhaps slightly tragic, Machiavelli looms large over the political philosophy scene across centuries. His period was of worst political and religious instability. He was influenced by Savanarola and his eventual execution affected him severely.
Through this objective approach of predicting the future by understanding the present and past social phenomena, Machiavelli made enormous contribution in social science. Machiavelli does not promote judgment toward moral value