According to him they were a dominant class that he calls “masters” who created a moral code that the subordinates in the society had to follow (Danto, 1994). Master morality is the morality of the strong willed. To those who practice master morality, the basic principle is that what is good is helpful and that which is bad is harmful. In the ancient times, the value or otherwise of an action was determined by its consequences. This basically implies that morality does not exist per se but rather, there are only moral interpretations of situations and occurrences. According to Nietzsche, the essence of morality is nobility. For the strong willed in the society that which is good is noble and powerful while the bad is weak, timid and cowardly. For the Master morality, the defining factor is the idea of what is good and later the nature of bad is defined as that which is not good. In master morality, open mindedness courage and an accurate sense of self worth are attributes that are highly valued. Hence, masters are creators of morality and master morality is self-determinant (Hooker, 2000). Master morality embodies living life to the fullest a completely natural human functioning. It has little concern for the outside and as such, lives a life free from external restrictions. Masters affirm themselves from the onset and then enforce their morality to everyone below them. Essentially, masters are more concerned about that which their self deems right. The other issues that are nonrelated are considered secondary and insignificant. In a way, the masters define what they want and everything else that is not aligned to their perspective and beliefs is non consequential. The ideals of the society and other people do not affect their morality. In fact, the superior people are not afraid to express their will to power. They are determined to let their self serving morality be the one that the others follow. Master morality does not let the will of the herds to determine their lifestyle and moral direction. On the contrary, these superior people consider the values of other people to be of little or no significance and their sole objective is to advance their self interests. Those who follow master morality subscribe to their self defined rules and are not bound by the values of the society or institutions. Thus, it is imperative that the masters craft their own reality and morality. Nietzsche argues that those who follow the master morality are the ones who determine the development of human race to higher levels. Even from the historical background, men who have had the greatest impact in the history of mankind are the strong-willed. The timid and weak simply do not have the capacity to make things happen. Transformation and authority requires a higher degree of self worth and belief in order to convince the followers (Ridley, 1998). Suffice to say, Nietzsche paints those who follow master morality as stiff necked people with a high sense of self imposed supremacy. They do not have room for reason as they deem their ideas to be the most superior of all. The masters are close minded and they do not have room to change their set beliefs. He further argues that these superior people do not even belief that new knowledge can make them revise their previous positions. Morality for the masters is a personal issue rather than a communal beliefs system. This means that those who practice
Nietzsche’s Criticisms on Morality Name: Institution: Morality is an issue that is critical to the survival of the human race. It is a fundamental factor that lays the groundwork for the co-existence of mortals in the society at large. Philosophers have embraced the question of the true nature of morality and whether or not it can be made universal…
From this paper, it is clear that Nietzsche was also responsible for generating much confusion and debate on the aspect of morality and ethics among scholars and even laypeople. His extremely puzzling standpoints of what is ‘good’ and ‘evil’ earned him the reputation of an esoteric moralist (Hollingdale 162).
In today’s world a Moral code is a unique and well-known system of Morality defined by its own specific religion, culture or philosophical background. A moral is any individual practice, action or teaching that is carried out within the individual’s defined Moral code.
Moreover, are we also to say that transparency, honesty, and sincerity are always good virtues and would always produce good effects? Contrary to popular opinion, politicians’ and lawyers’ have a role to fulfill and therefore their lies, deception, aggression, bias or secrecy can actually be excused because of the practical value of these acts and because the demands of virtue are quite difficult to qualify.
The Catholic Church maintained its philosophical beliefs and moral ground, albeit the upsurge of autonomous ethicists whose perception of morality is gauged on personal choices rather than on those revealed norm and values (Gula, 1989, p.1-4). This unfolds in a millennium where there is an increasing and strong bias on sectarianism and secularism in dealing with human concern, thus, relegated human experiences as inherently a dynamic interaction of rational morality; a contravention of ‘faith morality (Gula, 1989, p, 34).’ This essay will discuss about ‘reason informed by faith’, the moral issues commonly faced by Catholics with the rest of the humanity, and the distinctive quality o
However, I do know that I will do my best to achieve what realistic goals I can set for myself or those that have been set by professionals in my field of study as moral guidelines.
In fact, I feel that those
Nietzsche’s around the individual, for both philosophers the concept of morality, and more specifically conventional (or Christian) morality, was at the heart of their understanding of society. Despite a great variance in their approaches it is worthwhile to analyse each,
The author states that Nietzsche believes that nature and humans are different in their characteristics and attributes. He is critical and also sarcastic in his way of asking human beings as to why they compare themselves to nature. Nature is limitless and extravagant he says and has its own way of working things.
In his prologue where Nietzsche claims “we knowledgeable people ... we are always busy with our knowledge ... our hearts have not been engaged”, I find myself in spontaneous agreement to the truth of realizing that humans by experience indeed struggle at