StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Explain and assess the role that virtue plays in Aristotle's theory of justice - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Explain and assess the role that virtue plays in Aristotle's theory of justice

Aristotle claimed that justice should be dispensed in an appropriate manner. He also believed in the strength of virtue in changing the society. Aristotle's book, ‘Nicomachean Ethics’ explained the theory of virtue. He mentioned two kinds of virtue: the moral variety, and the intellectual variety (Raphael 2003). When Aristotle mentioned the subject of moral virtues, he spoke in reference to a person's character, and the way he conducted himself in his daily life. He stated that an individual’s character is a learned function, and not one that he was born with. Essentially, he felt that virtue was merely the balance between different extremes. The Greek term for "happiness" is pronounced as Eudaimonia, which basically refers to maintaining a pleasant spirit. In Aristotle’s view, the highest objective of man was to maintain joy. Aristotle stressed that the definition of happiness was not merely keeping a happy face on a constant basis, or running after pleasure filled activities so that one can maintain superficial joy. This is how the current society tends to define happiness (Raphael 2003). Happiness and the possession of good morals are factors that are linked, in Aristotle’s view. ...
It is probable that the founding fathers of America had this definition of happiness in mind when they declared in the declaration of independence that “the pursuit of happiness” was to be considered as an objective in the new nation. In Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, the factors that were necessary to achieve eudaimonia were defined as self capability and decisiveness. Aristotle affirmed that these characteristics could only be achieved through individual initiative and ambition, which he referred to as the "humanistic" criterion (Raphael 2003). Aristotle also rejected the concept that the greatest good was a god given characteristic that could not be achieved without some kind of divine assistance. H e also believed that happiness was the one characteristic or aspect that was its own reward. It could not be used as a means to realise another higher state of contentment, in other words. Those who discovered real happiness, according to Aristotle, would not feel the desire for something else or to experience some other state of contentment. Aristotle categorised virtues in practical terms. He was of the opinion that virtues dealt with the activities and zeal of the activities that people took part in, and what those activities made them feel like. He divided people’s feelings to fundamental pain and pleasure codes. He was endeavouring to instruct the citizens of Athens in the right way to carry themselves. He also believed that there was no one wrong or right way to feel. In the book on ‘Nichomachean Ethics’, Aristotle affirmed that if a person participated in 'good' acts, or assisted his fellow man, he would ...Show more

Summary

Aristotle’s Views on Justice and Virtue Introduction Aristotle, who lived between 384 BC and 322 BC, is still perceived as one of the initiators of the concept of Western democracy. Aristotle stated that justice is a word that can be used to define impartiality or fairness, as injustice describes anarchy and inequality…
Author : sophiebednar
Explain and assess the role that virtue plays in Aristotles theory of justice essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Explain and assess the role that virtue plays in Aristotle's theory of justice"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Analyzing the integral role sentencing plays in the criminal justice process and its effects on society
In the United States, there are several divisions dedicated to processing everything about crimes. One of the most fundamental components of the criminal justice system is sentencing those who, by the court of law, were found guilty for their committed crimes.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Aristotle's account of virtue and Socrates' account of virtue
The views of philosophers, like Socrates and Aristotle on virtue have attracted the interest of academics worldwide. At a first level, both Socrates and Aristotle refer to virtue as a general term – i.e. they do not explain particularly each aspect of virtue, as a value of human behaviour.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Feminist and Virtue theory
The virtue theory which originated from Aristotle defines theories of the right and the good and what a person ought to do in order to build character and cultivate an ethical life (Preston, 49). According to Aristotle, there are four standard virtues of the ancient Greeks, namely: justice, temperance, courage and wisdom.
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Explain the link between constitutions and justice in Aristotle's Politics
The primary concept is based on the idea that the middle class is the focus of the concept of justice providing for this social class also being the center of the development of the constitution. Through the middle class, the ideas of justice are lined to the idea of constitutions and the development of the polity becomes founded upon ideals that are focused on the justice that serves the greatest numbers of people.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Brecht's Theory and Practice to Aristotle's Theory
Epic theatre for Brecht was more of a didactic nature. It was focused on changing the social stereotypes within the society. There was a need for the society to change the concept of the epic drama and shift its accents to the modernity. Therefore, the problems and challenges of the modernity were mainly on behalf of the theatre and it was necessary to focus the attention of the modernity on the current processes of socialization.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Relativism, Socrates & Plato, Aristotle's Virtue Ethics, Aristotle II
Descriptive ethics refers to the study of beliefs and behavior that are considered good or bad by a given society based on facts and actual actions. Normative ethics refers to the study of ideal beliefs against which the morality of persons and societies are measured against.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
The Role that Alternative Dispute Resolution Plays in the English Civil Justice System
e Civil Procedure Rules 1998 which took effect in 1999.4 The resulting civil justice reforms envisioned by Lord Woolf and the Civil Procedure Rules 1998 are decidedly aimed at facilitating a civil justice process that delivers fair and just results, treats disputants fairly, provides affordable processes, is relatively fasters, can be understood by disputants, is certain and effective.5 This research study critically analyses the role that alternative dispute resolution plays in accomplishing and facilitating the aims of fairness, reduction of delays and cost, finality/certainty and procedural simplicity for disputants in the English civil justice system.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Aristotle's Theory concerning Moral Responsibility
Coerced acts tend to be strictly voluntary; therefore, they never get automatic disqualification from responsibility (Echenique 14). Thus, responsibility is dependent on facts concerning the situation, for instance the gravity of the threat, along with the temperament of the coerced act.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Fund managers combine assets into portfolios with attributes expected to be attractive to their clients. Identify and describe alternative investment strategies that fund managers might adopt and explain what role, if any, modern portfolio theory plays in
These decisions pertain to investments and reinvestments of securities, including the type of security to buy; the amount of money that will be invested; and when a particular security will be sold. The passive strategies on the other hand is a type of investment
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Virtue theory and abortion
Assuming that Rebecca would go through the abortion plan, she can easily pursue her dream of becoming a human rights lawyer without the need to worry of the trouble she will have to go through before and after the pregnancy. Therefore,
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation